Intrusion of devil weed Chromolaena odorata, an exotic invasive, into Kinnerasani and Eturnagaram wildlife sanctuaries, Telangana, India

Main Article Content

Sateesh Suthari
Ramesh Kandagatla
Sarede Geetha
Ajmeera Ragan
Vatsavaya S. Raju


The spread of devil weed is alarming in areas of podu cultivation, on the bunds of agricultural lands, wastelands, along roadsides, tracks, forest gaps, protected areas and plantations in the two said wildlife sanctuaries. It is found invading new territories easily along the river banks and steadily destroying the riparian elements. The manual removal of this weed (mechanical method) before flowering is the effective means to mitigate the spread of the species in comparison to the biological (Pareuchaetes pseudoinsulata, P. insulata, Actinote thalia-pyrrha) and chemical (Glyphosate, Triclopyrester) methods attempted. It is not trouble in its native habitat but is weedy in India for want of natural enemies to keep it under control. It is a mandate to prevent the loss of native biodiversity due to biological invasions. Conversely, there is an urgent need to devise action plans by managers of the respective wildlife sanctuaries to control and eradicate it. The local people are to be educated of its potential dangers to their farming on one hand and NTFP extraction from the local forests on the other. The Government of India has to develop a national level policy towards the control of invasive alien weeds in general and implement it at the earliest before we loose our indigenous biodiversity once for all.

Article Details

How to Cite
Suthari, S., Kandagatla, R., Geetha, S., Ragan, A. and Raju, V.S. 2016. Intrusion of devil weed Chromolaena odorata, an exotic invasive, into Kinnerasani and Eturnagaram wildlife sanctuaries, Telangana, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 8, 2 (Feb. 2016), 8538–8540. DOI:


Ambika, S.R. & Jayachandra (1980)​.​ Suppression of plantation crops by Eupatorium weed. ​Current Science ​49 (22): 874–875.

Biller, A., M. Bopprre, L. Witte & T. Hartmann (1994)​.​ Pyrrolizidine alkaloids in ​Chromolaena odorata​. Chemical and chemeological aspects. ​Phytochemistry​ 35(3): 615–619.

Biswas, K. (1934).​ Some foreign weeds and their distribution in India and Burma. ​Indian Forester​ 60: 861–865.

Blackmore, A.C. (1998)​. Seed dispersal of Chromolaena odorata reconsidered, pp. 16–21. In: Ferrar, P., R. Muniappan & K.P. Jayanth (eds.). Proc. Fourth Inter. Workshop on the Biological Control and Management of Chromolaena odorata​. Agricultural Experiment Station, University of Guam, Publication 216.

Clarke, C.B. (1876)​.​ Compositae Indicae. Description et sucus genera Benthamii ordinatae​.Thakur, Spink and Company, Calcutta.

CEPF (2016)​.â€Pacific/Pages/default.aspx

Gamble, J.S. (1921)​.​ Flora of the Presidency of Madras. Vol.2. Adlard & Son, Limited, London.

Hooker, J.D. (1881)​.​ The Flora of British India​. Vol. 3. L. Reeve & Co., London, ​p​.244.

King, R.M. & H.E. Robinson (1970)​. Studies in the Eupatoriae (Compositae) â€The genus Chromolaena. ​Phytologia 20(3): 196–209.

Liggitt, B. (1983)​.The invasive plant ​Chromolaena odorata​,with regard to its status and control in Natal. Rural Studies Series Monograph 2. Pietermaritzburg, South Africa: Institute of Natural Resources, University of Natal, 1–41pp.

Linnaeus, C. (1759)​.​ Systema Naturae​. Editio decima, ​2: 1205pp.

Lowe, S.J., M. Browne & S. Boudjelas (2000)​.​ 100 of the World’s Worst Invasive Alien Species. IUCN/SSC/ISSG, Auckland, New Zealand.

Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (2005)​. ​Ecosystem and Human Wellâ€being: Biodiversity Synthesis​. World Resource Institution, Washington, DC.

Muniappan, R., G.V.P. Reddy & P.Y. Lai (2005)​. Distribution and biological control of Chromolaena odorata​. pp. 223–233. In: Inderjit (ed.). ​Invasive Plants: Ecological and Agricultural Aspects​. Birkhauser Verlag, Switzerland.

Prasad, S. & A.C. Williams (2009)​.​ Extent and distribution of some invasive plant species in Asian Elephant habitats. Preliminary Technical Report of IUCN As ESG Wild Elephant and Elephant Habitat Management Task Force, Species Survival Commission, 34–38pp.

Pullaiah, T., K.S. Ramamurthy & S. Karuppusamy (2007).​ Flora of Eastern Ghats: Hill Ranges of South East India​. Vol. 3. Regency Publications, New Delhi.

Rao, Y.R. (1920)​. Lantana insects in India. ​Memoirs, Department of Agriculture in India. Entomology Series, Calcutta 5: 239–314.

Reddy, C.S., S.V. Pasha, C.S. Jha & V.K. Dadhwal (2015). ​Geospatial characterization of deforestation, fragmentation and forest fires in Telangana State, India: conservation perspective. ​Environmental Monitoring and Assessment​ 187: 455; ​â€015â€4673â€5

Subbarao, G.V. & G.R. Kumari (2002)​.​ Flora of Visakhapatnam District, Andhra Pradesh​. Vol. 1. Botanical Survey of India, Kolkata, ​p.441​.

Uniyal, B.P. (1995)​. ​Flora of India: Asteraceae ​(Anthemdeae†Heliantheae​). Vol. 12​. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta, ​p.​354.

Voigt, J.O. (1845)​.​ Hortus Suburbanus Calcuttensis. ​Bishop’s College Press, Calcutta.

Zachariades, C., I. von Senger & N.P. Barker (2004)​. Evidence for a northern Caribbean origin for the southern African biotype of ​Chromolaena odorata​. In: Day, M.D. and R.E. McFadyen (ed.) ​Chromolaena in the Asiaâ€Pacific region. pp. 25â€27. Proc. 6th Inter. Workshop on Biological Control and Management of ​Chromolaena​,held in Cairns, Australia, May 6â€9, 2003. ACIAR Technical Report 55, Canberra, Australia.

Zachariades, C., M. Day, R. Muniappan & G.V.P. Reddy (2009).​ Chromolaena odorata (L.) King & Robinson, pp. 130–162. In: Muniappan, R., G.V.P. Reddy & A. Raman (eds.). ​Biological Control of Tropical Weeds Using Arthropods​. Cambridge University Press, United Kingdom.