Main Article Content
Raorchestes tuberohumerus (Kuramoto & Joshy, 2003) was described based on three male specimens and was diagnosed mainly based on the presence of tubercle on the humerus.Â Here we describe the genetically confirmed female of the species and show that tubercle on the humeral bone is a sexually dimorphic character present only in males.Â Further, based on current collection and literature review we studied the distribution of the species using niche based modelling. Using the distributional range and our observations on the threats to the habitat we propose that Raorchestes tuberohumerus, currently assessed as Data Deficient, can fall under the â€˜Vulnerableâ€™ category of IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.ÂÂ
Authors own the copyright to the articles published in JoTT. This is indicated explicitly in each publication. The authors grant permission to the publisher Wildlife Information Liaison Development (WILD) Society to publish the article in the Journal of Threatened Taxa. The authors recognize WILD as the original publisher, and to sell hard copies of the Journal and article to any buyer. JoTT is registered under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY), which allows authors to retain copyright ownership. Under this license the authors allow anyone to download, cite, use the data, modify, reprint, copy and distribute provided the authors and source of publication are credited through appropriate citations (e.g., Son et al. (2016). Bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) of the southeastern Truong Son Mountains, Quang Ngai Province, Vietnam. Journal of Threatened Taxa 8(7): 8953–8969. https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.27126.96.36.19953-8969). Users of the data do not require specific permission from the authors or the publisher.
Biju, S.D., Y. Shouche, A. Dubois, S.K. Dutta & F. Bossuyt (2010). A ground-dwelling rhacophorid frog from the highest mountain peak of the Western Ghats of India. Current Science 98(8): 1119â€“1125.
Biju, S.D. & F. Bossuyt (2009). Systematics and phylogeny of Philautus Gistel, 1848 (Anura, Rhacophoridae) in the Western Ghats of India, with descriptions of 12 new species. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 155: 374â€“444; http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-3642.2008.00466.x
Bossuyt, F., K. Roelants, L. Spithoven & M.H. Daro (2001). Philautus bombayensis (Bombay Oriental Shrub Frog) reproduction. Herpetological Review 32(1): 34â€“35.
Das, I. (2004). Raorchestes tuberohumerus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. . Downloaded on 27 November 2014.
Edgar, R.C. (2004). MUSCLE: multiple sequence alignment with high accuracy and high throughput. Nucleic Acids Research, 32: 1792â€“1797; http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkh340
Emerson, S.B. & H. Voris (1992). Competing explanations for sexual dimorphism in a voiceless Bornean frog. Functional Ecology 6: 654â€“660; http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2389960
Emerson, S.B. (1996). Phylogenies and physiological processesâ€”the evolution of sexual dimorphism in southeast Asian frogs. Systematic Biology 45: 278â€“289; http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/sysbio/45.3.278
Gururaja, K.V. (2012). Pictorial Guide to Frogs and Toads of the Western Ghats. Gubbi Labs Publication, 154pp+xviii.
Gururaja, K.V. & T.V. Ramachandra (2012). Anuran Diversity and Distribution in Dandeli Anshi Tiger Reserve. Sahyadri Conservation Series: 8. ENVIS Technical Report 37. Sahyadri: Environmental Information System (ENVIS), Centre for Ecological Sciences, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India, 57pp.
Hammer, Ã˜., D.A.T. Harper & P.D. Ryan (2001). PAST: paleontological statistics software package for education and data analysis. Palaeontologia Electronica 4(1): 1â€“9.
Hijmans, R.J., S.E. Cameron, J.L. Parra, P.G. Jones & A. Jarvis (2005). Very high resolution interpolated climate surfaces for global land areas. International Journal of Climatology 25: 1965â€“1978; http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/joc.1276
IUCN (2012). IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria: Version 3.1. Second edition. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, IUCN, UK, iv+32pp.
Kumara, H.N., A.K. Sharma, A. Kumar & M. Singh (2000). Roadkills of wild fauna in Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary, Western Ghats, India: implications for management. Biological Conservation 3: 41â€“47.
Kuramoto, M. & S.H. Joshy (2003). Two new species of the genus Philautus (Anura: Rhacophoridae) from the Western Ghats, southwestern India. Current Herpetology 22: 51â€“60.
Molur, S., K. Krutha, M.S. Paingankar & N. Dahanukar (2015). Asian strain of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis is widespread in the Western Ghats, India. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 112: 251â€“255; http://dx.doi.org/10.3354/dao02804
Nei, M. & S. Kumar (2000). Molecular Evolution and Phylogenetics. Oxford University Press, New York, 333pp.
Padhye, A.D. & H.V. Ghate (2012). Amphibia. Fauna of Maharashtra, Zoological Survey of India State Fauna Series 20(1): 239â€“246.
Padhye, A.D., A. Sayyed, A. Jadhav & N. Dahanukar (2013). Raorchestes ghatei, a new species of shrub frog (Anura: Rhacophoridae) from the Western Ghats of Maharashtra, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 5: 4913â€“4931;
Ramchurjee, N.A. (2013). Impacts of ecotourism in Rajiv Gandhi National Park (Nagarhole), Karnataka. Environment, development and sustainability 15(6): 1517â€“1525.
Sahr, K., D. White & A.J. Kimerling (2003). Geodesic discrete global grid systems. Cartography and Geographic Information Science 30 (2): 121â€“134.
Schwarz, G. (1978). Estimating the dimension of a model. Annals of Statistics 6: 461â€“464.
Seshadri, K.S., A. Yadav & K.V. Gururaja (2009). Road kills of amphibians in different land use areas from Sharavathi River basin, central Western Ghats, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 1(11): 549â€“552; http://dx.doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.o2148.549-52
Tamura, K., G. Stecher, D. Peterson, A. Filipski & S. Kumar (2013). MEGA6: Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis version 6.0. Molecular Biology and Evolution 30: 2725â€“2729; http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/molbev/mst197