A checklist of birds of Kerala, India

Main Article Content

Praveen J


A checklist of birds of Kerala State is presented in this paper.  Accepted English names, scientific binomen, prevalent vernacular names in Malayalam, IUCN conservation status, endemism, Wildlife (Protection) Act schedules, and the appendices in the CITES, pertaining to the birds of Kerala are also given.  The State of Kerala has 500 species of birds, 17 of which are endemic to Western Ghats, and 24 species fall under the various threatened categories of IUCN.


Article Details



Ali, S. (1953). The Birds of Travancore and Cochin. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 436pp.

Ali, S. (1969). Birds of Kerala. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 444pp.

Bhat, A.K. (2014) From the field:Birds:Long-tailed Skua Stercorarius longicaudus from Azheekkal coast, Kannur District. Malabar Trogon 12(1–3): 36.

BirdLife International (2014). The BirdLife Checklist of the Birds of the World: Version 7. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/userfiles/file/Species/Taxonomy/

BirdLife_Checklist_Version_70.zip [.xls zipped 1 MB]

Clements, J.F., T.S. Schulenberg, M.J. Iliff, M.J., D. Roberson, T.A. Fredericks, B.L. Sullivan & C.L. Wood (2014). The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.9. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/

Damle, S. & T. Inskipp (2014). Sighting of Northern Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe from the Nubra Valley, Ladakh, Jammu and Kashmir, and a review of previous records from the Indian Subcontinent. Indian Birds 9(5&6): 139–141

del Hoyo, J. & N.J. Collar (2014). HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-Passerines. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, 903pp.

Dickinson, E.C. & J.V.J Remsen (eds.) (2013). The Howard and Moore Complete Checklist of the Birds of the World: 1. Non-Passerines. 4th edition. Eastbourne, U.K.: Aves Press. Vol. 1 of 2 vols, 461pp.

Dickinson, E.C. & L. Christidis (eds.) (2014). The Howard and Moore Complete Checklist of the Birds of the World: Vol. 2. Passerines. 4th ed. Eastbourne, U.K.: Aves Press. Vol. 2 of 2 vols. 752pp, plus CD content.

Ferguson, H.S. & T.F. Bourdillon (1903-04). The birds of Travancore, with notes on their nidification. Part I-III. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society. XV (2): 249–264, XVI(1): 1–18, XV:(3): 455–474, XV(4): 654–673

Gandhe, A. (2014). Seabird observations off the western coast of India. Indian Birds 9(5&6): 137–138.

Gill, F. & D. Donsker (eds.). (2014). IOC World Bird List (v 4.3); http://dx.doi.org/10.14344/IOC.ML.4.3

George, P.J. (2014). From the field: Birds: Tree Pipit Anthus trivialis from Attappadi, Palakkad Distrct. Malabar Trogon 12 (1–3): 36

Grimmett, R., T. Inskipp & P.O. Nameer (2007). Thekkeindiayile Pakshikal [Birds of southern India]. BNHS Field Guides. [In Malayalam]. A. C. Black. London, 1–240pp.

Karuthedathu, D., D. James, A. Sasidevan, M. Moghul, P. Parab, S.S. Davidson, S. Manickam, V. Rao & M. Vineeth (2015). A compilation of frigatebird sightings from 2014, including Christmas Island Frigatebird Fregata andrewsi. Indian BIRDS 10(5): 115–118.

Mannar, H. & D.S. Ambika (2014). Snapshot sightings: Red Turtle Dove from Haripad, Kerala. Indian BIRDS 9(5&6): 168A.

Neelakantan, K.K. (1984). Keralathile Pakshikal. 2nd Edition. Kerala Sahitya Academy. Trichur

Neelakantan, K. K., C. Sashikumar & R. Venugopalan (1993). A Book of Kerala Birds - Part 1. World Wide Fund for Nature-India. Kerala State Committee, Trivandrum, 146pp.

Praveen, J. & P.O. Nameer (2013). Strophocincla Laughingthrushes of south India: a case for allopatric speciation and impact on their conservation. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 109(1&2): 46–52 (2012)

Praveen, J., R. Jayapal & A. Pittie (2013). Notes on Indian rarities - 1: Seabirds. Indian Birds 8(5): 113–125

Praveen, J., R. Jayapal & A. Pittie (2014). Checklist of the birds of South Asia (Ver. 1). Website: http://www.indianbirds.in/resources/. [Date of publication: 26 December 2014.]

Praveen, J. & S.P. Narayanan (2014). Additions to the checklist of birds of Kerala. Malabar Trogon 11: (1–3) 2–12 (2013).

Praveen E.S., S. Das & K.G. Dilip (2015). Sighting of Short-tailed Shearwater Ardenna tenuirostris and Wedge-tailed Shearwater Ardenna pacifica from the Arabian Sea, off Ponnani, Kerala. Indian BIRDS 10(1): 26–27.

Rasmussen, P.C. & J.C. Anderton (2012). Birds of South Asia: the Ripley Guide: Attributes and Status - 2. Smithsonian Institution and Lynx Edicions, Washington, D.C. and Barcelona, 683pp.

Robin, V.V., A. Sinha & U. Ramakrishnan (2010). Ancient geographical gaps and paleo-climate shape the phylogeography of an endemic bird in the Sky Islands of southern India. PLoS ONE 5(10): e13321; http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0013321

Sashikumar, C., J. Praveen, M.J. Palot & P.O. Nameer (2010). A checklist of birds of Kerala. Malabar Trogon 7(3): 2–13 (2009).

Sashikumar, C., J. Praveen, M.J. Palot & P.O. Nameer (2011). Birds of Kerala: Status and Distribution. DC Books, Kottayam, Kerala, 835pp.

Sreenivasan, P.P. (2015). Snapshot sightings: Red Knot at Chavakkad, Kerala. Indian BIRDS 10(1): 28A

Most read articles by the same author(s)