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Hypodematium crenatum (Forssk.) Kuhn and Anogramma leptophylla (L.) Link are threatened fern species from Western Ghats.Â The present paper endorses the preliminary study on mycoflora associated with these ferns.Â Eighteen fungal species have been isolated from rhizosphere and non-rhizosphere soils of selected ferns.Â More diversity of fungi was observed in non-rhizosphere as compared to rhizosphere soils of both the ferns.Â Aspergillus was found to be the most dominant genus among the population followed by Penicillium.Â Higher percentage of fungal species is shown by H. crenatum, i.e., 44.5% in non-rhizosphere and 27.77% in rhizosphere; while a lower percentage of fungal species was found in A. leptophylla, i.e., 38.88% in non-rhizosphere and 16.66% in rhizosphere.Â Number of colony forming units per gram soil was more in non-rhizosphere of A. leptophylla while it was less in non-rhizosphere of H. crenatum.Â Inhibitory rhizosphere effect was exerted by A. leptophylla while H. crenatum has stimulatory effect on soil fungi.Â
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