Journal of Threatened Taxa | | 26 October 2022 | 14(10): 22036–22038



ISSN 0974-7907 (Online) | ISSN 0974-7893 (Print)

#8056 | Received 15 June 2022 | Final received 17 August 2022 | Finally accepted 25 September 2022




The Fawcett’s Pierrot Niphanda asialis (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae)

in Bandarban: an addition to the butterfly fauna of Bangladesh


Akash Mojumdar 1 & Rajib Dey 2


1 Department of Computer Science & Information Technology, Shanto-Mariam University of Creative Technology, Dhaka 1230, Bangladesh.

2 Amarabati Road, Madhyamgram, North 24 Parganas, Kolkata, West Bengal 700019, India.

1, 2 (corresponding author)



Editor: Monsoon Gogoi, Bokakhat, Assam, India.         Date of publication: 26 October 2022 (online & print)


Citation: Mojumdar, A. & R. Dey (2022). The Fawcett’s Pierrot Niphanda asialis (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) in Bandarban: an addition to the butterfly fauna of Bangladesh. Journal of Threatened Taxa 14(10): 22036–22038.


Copyright: © Mojumdar & Dey 2022. Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.  JoTT allows unrestricted use, reproduction, and distribution of this article in any medium by providing adequate credit to the author(s) and the source of publication.


Funding: None.


Competing interests: The authors declare no competing interests. 


Acknowledgements: The authors would like to thank Mr. Arunavo Bruno, Bangladesh for species identification.




Niphanda asialis de Nicéville, 1895 is a widely distributed butterfly that occurs from southern Assam-Meghalaya-Mizoram (northeastern India) to Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, and Yunnan ( This species is ‘rare’ in India (Kehimkar 2016). Niphanda asialis (earlier known as Azanus asialis) was first described by de Nicéville (1895), based on a single collected specimen from Hofrath Dr. L. Martin.

This survey was carried out for three days in the month of January 2022 at Nilgiri Hill resort area. The area is situated at Bandarban district (21.18–22.35 N, 92.05–92.67 E) under Chittagong hill tracts in the southeastern part of Bangladesh. This hill tracts range is usually enveloped with mixed sub-tropical evergreen forest and most of the natural forests. During the expedition, the first author sighted and photographed an individual of unknown butterfly species (Image 1) at Nilgiri Hill resort (21.912 N, 92.326 E; 661 m) using Canon 77D at 1230 h (GMT +6.00) on 21 January 2022 (Image 2). The butterfly was basking about 1.5–2 m above ground on an unknown leaf. Later, the individual was compared with Ek-Amnuay (2012), and keys characterized by de Nicéville (1895). The observed individual was tailless in the hindwing (Kehimkar 2016). Additionally, it had narrow fuscous band on the costa and outer margin at upperside of forewings, black obscurely tipped with white cilia and a marginal row of white encircled lunules at both wings (de Nicéville 1895). Moreover, prominent, dark black sub marginal spot in space 2 of underside of forewings with male shining purple colour of upperwings provides evidence to species level recognition (Ek-Amnuay 2012; Kehimkar 2016).  Niphanda asialis is quite similar to Niphanda cymbia but it can be distinguised by the following keys. The upperside of N. asialis (male) having violet or shining purple with sparse presence of androconia, while in N. cymbia, it is dull purple and lack of androconium. The female of N. asialis is browner with some basal blue scaling which is absent in N. cymbia (Corbet et. al 1992). Though none of the species of Niphanda is previously reported from Bangladesh (Larsen 2004; Chowdhury & Hossain 2013; IUCN Bangladesh 2015; Roy et. al 2021), but Niphanda asialis and Niphanda cymbia are recorded from adjoining regions of northeastern India (Varshney & Smetacek 2015).

Previously the species was recorded from North Kanghmun (in Mamit district) of Mizoram state of India ( which is close to Bangladesh, and Vanghmun village (in North Tripura district) of Tripura ( and Barail Wildlife Sanctuary of Assam (Gogoi et. al 2016).  Consequently, the species was recorded from Nilgiri Hill of Bangladesh (aerial distance: ~184 km from North Kanghmun, ~228 km from Vanghmun, ~346 km from Barail Wildlife Sanctuary). The northeastern region (greater Sylhet) of Bangladesh is also home to some mixed evergreen forested areas similar to the Nilgiri Hill forest. The northeastern part is also very close to Barail Wildlife Sanctuary. As a result, the species may also be found in northeastern mixed evergreen areas of Bangladesh.

The current study thus establishes the presence of Niphanda asialis in Nilgiri Hill of Bandarban district by effectively presenting the first photographic proof from Bangladesh.


For images – click here for full PDF





Chowdhury, S.H. & M. Hossain (2013). Butterflies of Bangladesh - A Pictorial Handbook. (Revised and enlarged version). Skylark Printers, Dhaka, 260 pp.

Corbet, A.S., H.M. Pendlebury & J.N. Eliot (1992). The Butterflies of the Malay Peninsula. Malay Nature Society, Kuala Lampur, 595 pp.

de Nicéville, L. (1895). On new and little known Lepidoptera from the Indo-Malayan Region. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 10(1): 13–40.

Ek-Amnuay, P. (2012). Butterflies of Thailand. 2nd Edition, Revised. Baan Lae Suan Amarin Printing, Bangkok, Thailand, 943 pp.

Gogoi, M.J., H.J. Singh & P. Deb (2016). Butterfly (Lepidoptera) Diversity in Barail Wildlife Sanctuary, Assam, India. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 4(4): 547–560.

IUCN Bangladesh (2015). Red List of Bangladesh Volume 7: Butterflies. IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature, Bangladesh Country Office, Dhaka, 400 pp.

Kehimkar, I. (2016). Butterflies of India. Bombay Natural History Society, Mumbai, 505 pp.

Larsen, T.B. (2004). Butterflies of Bangladesh - An Annotated Checklist. IUCN Bangladesh Country Office, Dhaka, 104 pp.

Roy, R.C., D. Biswas & R. Dey (2021). Addition of Colias fieldii Ménétriés, 1855 (Lepidoptera: Pieridae: Coliadinae) to the checklist of Lepidoptera of Bangladesh. Revista Chilena de Entomología 47(2): 433–436.

Varshney, R.K. & P. Smetacek (eds.) (2015). A Synoptic Catalogue of the Butterflies of India. Butterfly Research Centre, Bhimtal and Indinov Publishing, New Delhi, ii+261 pp.