Journal of Threatened Taxa | www.threatenedtaxa.org | 26 July 2021 | 13(8): 19156–19158
ISSN 0974-7907 (Online) | ISSN 0974-7893 (Print)
#7508 | Received 09 June 2021 | Finally accepted 13 July 2021
First camera trap photographs of Indian Pangolin Manis crassicaudata (Mammalia: Pholidota: Manidae) from Pakistan
Misbah Bint Riaz 1, Faraz Akrim 2, Siddiqa Qasim 3, Syed Afaq Bukhari 4, Asad Aslam 5,
Muhammad Waseem 6, Rizwana Imtiaz 7 & Tariq Mahmood 8
1,3,8 Department of Wildlife Management, PMAS Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi 46300 Pakistan.
2,4,5 Zoology Department, University of Kotli, Azad Jammu & Kashmir, Pakistan.
6 WWF Pakistan, Ground Floor, Pakistan Academy of Sciences Building, Constitution Avenue, G-5, Islamabad, Pakistan.
7 Punjab Wildlife and Parks Department, Loi Bher office Rawalpindi, Pakistan.
1 firstname.lastname@example.org, 2 email@example.com, 3 firstname.lastname@example.org, 4 email@example.com, 5 firstname.lastname@example.org,
6 email@example.com, 7 firstname.lastname@example.org, 8 email@example.com (corresponding author)
The Indian Pangolin Manis crassicaudata is categorized as ‘Endangered’ by IUCN and also listed in the Appendix-I of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of wild fauna and Flora (CITES) (Mahmood et al. 2019). The species is distributed across five range countries including Pakistan, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, and Bangladesh (although its occurrence in Bangladesh is not confirmed by field evidence). The species population is declining across its range due to poaching and illegal killing for its scales which are traded in the international markets for making traditional medicines.
In Pakistan, the Indian Pangolin has been focused for ecological studies like its distribution, habitat, population density, and food habits (Akrim et al. 2017; Irshad et al. 2015; Mahmood et al. 2012, 2014, 2016, 2019; Waseem et al. 2020a,b) for last one decade, but no previous records exist for camera trapping of the species.
In the current study, we have camera trapped Indian Pangolin in the country providing very first camera trap photographs of the species from Pakistan. The species has been camera trapped from two sampling sites; one from Pothwar Plateau (Kallar Syedan site 33.465N & 73.409E, Rawalpindi District) and the other from Rolli Hills (33.486N & 73.902E), surrounding the University of Kotli (Image 1), Azad Jammu & Kashmir. For this purpose, we installed eight camera trap stations from January 2021 till June 2021. We collected a total of 131 pictures of Indian Pangolin from Kallar Syedan site and 25 pictures of the species from Rolli Hills site surrounding University of Kotli AJ&K (Image 2). At Kallar Syedan site we confirmed two pangolins (Image 3) (one male and one female) while the female being pregnant and gave birth (direct field observation) to a baby in the month of April.
Akrim, F., T. Mahmood, R. Hussain, S. Qasim & I.U. Zangi (2017). Distribution pattern, population estimation and threats to the Indian Pangolin Manis crassicaudata (Mammalia: Pholidota: Manidae) in and around Pir Lasura National Park, Azad Jammu & Kashmir, Pakistan. Journal of Threatened Taxa 9(3): 9920–9927. https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.2918.104.22.16820-9927
Irshad, N., T. Mahmood, R. Hussain, & M. S. Nadeem (2015). Distribution, abundance and diet of the Indian Pangolin (Manis crassicaudata). Animal Biology 65(1): 57–71. https://doi.org/10.1163/15707563-00002462
Mahmood, T., F. Akrim, N. Irshad, R. Hussain, H. Fatima, S. Andleeb & A. Aihetasham (2019). Distribution and illegal killing of the Endangered Indian Pangolin Manis crassicaudata on the Potohar Plateau, Pakistan. Oryx 53(1): 159–164.
Mahmood, T., R. Hussain, N. Irshad, F. Akrim, & M.S. Nadeem (2012). Illegal mass killing of Indian Pangolin (Manis crassicaudata) in Potohar region, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Zoology 44(5): 1457–1461.
Mahmood, T., N. Irshad & R. Hussain (2014). Habitat preference and population estimates of Indian Pangolin (Manis crassicaudata) in district Chakwal of Potohar Plateau, Pakistan. Russian Journal of Ecology 45(1): 70–75. https://doi.org/10.1134/S1067413614010081
Mahmood, T., N. Irshad, R. Hussain, F. Akrim, I. Hussain, M. Anwar, M. Rais & M.S. Nadeem (2016). Breeding habits of the Indian Pangolin (Manis crassicaudata) in Potohar Plateau, Pakistan. Mammalia 80(2): 231–234. https://doi.org/10.1515/mammalia-2014-0153
Mahmood, T., R.K. Mohapatra, P. Perera, N. Irshad, F. Akrim, S. Andleeb, M. Waseem, S. Sharma & S. Panda (2019). Indian Pangolin Manis crassicaudata (Geoffroy, 1803), pp. 71–88. In: Challender, D.W.S., H.C. Nash & C. Waterman (eds.). Pangolins: Science, Society and Conservation. Elsevier, 658pp. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-815507-3.00005-8
Waseem, M., B. Khan, T. Mahmood, H.S. Hussain, R. Aziz, F. Akrim, T. Ahmad, R. Nazir & M.N. Awan (2020a). Occupancy, habitat suitability and habitat preference of endangered Indian Pangolin (Manis crassicaudata) in Potohar Plateau and Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan. Global Ecology and Conservation 23: e01135. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gecco.2020.e01135
Waseem, M., A. Raza, H. Aisha, M.N. Awan, T. Ahmad, R. Nazir & T. Mahmood (2020b). Scale of illegal killing and trade associated with Indian Pangolin (Manis crassicaudata) in Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Zoology 52(1): 69–77. https://doi.org/10.17582/journal.pjz/2020.52.1.69.77