Journal of Threatened Taxa | www.threatenedtaxa.org | 26 June 2022 | 14(6): 21266–21281

 

 

ISSN 0974-7907 (Online) | ISSN 0974-7893 (Print) 

https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.7360.14.6.21266-21281

#7360 | Received 24 October 2021 | Final received 03 May 2022 | Finally accepted 15 May 2022

 

 

 

A checklist of herpetofauna of Telangana state, India

 

Chelmala Srinivasulu 1  & Gandla Chethan Kumar 2

 

1 Natural History Museum and Wildlife Biology and Taxonomy Lab, Department of Zoology, University College of Science, Osmania University, Hyderabad, Telangana 500007, India.

1,2 Centre for Biodiversity and Conservation Studies, Osmania University, Hyderabad , Telangana 500007, India.

1 Systematics, Ecology & Conservation Laboratory, Zoo Outreach Organization, No. 12 Thiruvannamalai Nagar, Saravanampatti, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu 641035, India.

1 chelmala.srinivasulu@osmania.ac.in (corresponding author), 2 g.chethankumar@gmail.com

 

 

 

Editor: S.R. Ganesh, Chennai Snake Park, Chennai, India. Date of publication: 26 June 2022 (online & print)

 

Citation: Srinivasulu, C. & G.C. Kumar (2022). A checklist of herpetofauna of Telangana state, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 14(6): 21266–21281. https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.7360.14.6.21266-21281

 

Copyright: © Srinivasulu & Kumar 2022. Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.  JoTT allows unrestricted use, reproduction, and distribution of this article in any medium by providing adequate credit to the author(s) and the source of publication.

 

Funding: Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi and RUSA 2.0 project of MHRD, Govt. of India.

 

Competing interests: The authors declare no competing interests.

 

Author details: Chelmala Srinivasulu is the head of Wildlife Biology and Taxonomy Laboratory, Department of Zoology, Osmania University, India and is working on the diversity and taxonomy of vertebrates in South Asia. Gandla Chethan Kumar is a Post Doctoral Fellow at Centre for Biodiversity and Conservation Studies, Osmania University, India and is working on documenting herpetofaunal diversity and taxonomy of gekkonids in peninsular India.

 

Author contributions: Both the authors contributed equally to the study, compilation and initial drafting, and CS lead the work and wrote the final manuscript.

 

Acknowledgements: CS acknowledges the head, Department of Zoology, University College of Science, Osmania University, Hyderabad for providing facilities. Research funding from MHRD-RUSA 2.0 project is also acknowledged. We are also thankful all our herpetologist friends and colleagues to have helped us in compiling this checklist and also to have contributed their photographs.

 

 

 

 

Abstract: A checklist of herpetofauna of Telangana, India including accepted English name, scientific name along with authority, Telugu and vernacular name, IUCN, Indian Wildlife Protection Act and CITES status, and endemicity is presented in this paper. The herpetofauna diversity of Telangana is represented by 98 species including 16 species of amphibians belonging to four families, one species of crocodile, six species of testudines, 35 species of saurians and 40 species of snakes. Three species—Hemidactylus flavicaudus, H. xericolus, and H. aemulus—are endemic to Telangana.

 

Keywords: Amphibia, Crocodylia, Ophidia, Reptilia, Sauria, Squamata, Testudines.  

 

 

 

 

Introduction

 

The herpetofaunal diversity of Telangana is in the process of being documented (Khartade et al. 2019; Dinesh et al. 2021; Narayana & Bharat 2021) and due to unavailability of a comprehensive database many doubtful species are finding place in various checklists being published from time to time. Through this short communication we aim to provide a checklist of amphibian and reptilian species currently known from Telangana published literature and personal observations.

Telangana State (15.835–19.917 ON, 77.238–81.307 OE; 150–900 m), located in the Deccan Plateau in the south central part of peninsular India, was part of the erstwhile united Andhra Pradesh (1956–2014). Before that it contributed to the major land area of the Hyderabad State (1948–1956) and the state of Hyderabad (1724–1948). It encompasses an area of 1,22,077 km2. Two major rivers, Godavari and Krishna, along with their major and minor tributaries flow through the state (Prasad & Srinivasulu 2021).

Earlier known works on amphibians and reptiles of the region roughly corresponding to present day Telangana State include the historical works that documented list of herpetofauna in Madras Presidency, Bombay Presidency, and Central Provinces. Stoliczka (1871, 1872) described a species of leaf-toed gecko based on specimens collected by W.T. Blanford from Godavari River basin near Bhadrachalam (in erstwhile Madras Presidency).

Predominant works in Telangana region of erstwhile united ‘Andhra Pradesh’ include that of Sharma (1969, 1971), Sanyal et al. (1993), Sarkar et al. (1993), Chanda (2002), Srinivasulu (2003), Srinivasulu & Srinivasulu (2010, 2012a,b, 2013a,b), Rao et al. (2005), Srinivasulu et al. (2006, 2009, 2011), Srinivasulu & Das (2008), Seetharamaraju et al. (2008, 2011), Mahony (2009), Datta-Roy et al. (2012), Seetharamaraju & Srinivasulu (2013), and Narayana et al. (2014).

Other works published after the formation of Telangana State include those of Srinivasulu et al. (2014, 2016), Visvanathan (2015), Seetharamaraju (2015), Kumar & Srinivasulu (2015), Kumar et al. (2015, 2017a,b, 2022), Visvanathan et al. (2017), Srinivasulu (2017), Mirza et al. (2017), Narayana et al. (2017, 2018), Kumar (2018), Mohan et al. (2018), Prasad et al. (2018), Anne & Visvanathan (2018), Seetharamaraju et al. (2019), Ganesh et al. (2020), Lajmi et al. (2020), Narayana & Sandeep (2021), and Choure et al. (2021).

Four species of geckoes—Hemidactylus treutleri Mahony, 2009; H. flavicaudus Lajmi et al., 2020; H. xericolus Lajmi et al., 2020; and H. aemulus Kumar et al., 2022—were described from Telangana. Mahony (2009) described Treutler’s Gecko H. treutleri based on type specimens collected from Golconda fort, Hyderabad; Lajmi et al. (2020) described H. flavicaudus and H. xericolus based on types collected from Guddeguda, Mahbubnagar district, and Marriguda, Nalgonda district, respectively; while Kumar et al. (2022) described H. aemulus from Chandanapalli and Chaya Someshwara Temple, Nalgonda District.

In recent years, attempts to document the herpetofauna diversity of Telangana were done by Khartade et al. (2019), Dinesh et al. (2021), and Narayana & Bharath (2021). The present work updates the information on taxonomy and reports species missed in the earlier literature.

 

 

Methods

 

For the present checklist, we researched and critically analysed all published (both peer-reviewed and non-peer-reviewed) literature, online databases (including iNaturalist, India Biodiversity Portal, HerpMapper) and also relied on field surveys conducted since 1995 in various parts of Telangana State (Srinivasulu 2003; Srinivasulu et al. 2006, 2009, 2011, 2014, 2016; Seetharamaraju et al. 2008, 2011, 2019; Srinivasulu & Das 2008; Srinivasulu & Srinivasulu 2010; Seetharamaraju & Srinivasulu 2013; Kumar & Srinivasulu 2015; Kumar et al. 2015, 2017a,b; Seetharamaraju 2015; Kumar 2018). We confirmed the species identities by consulting standard references (Daniel 2002; Das 2002; Whitaker & Captain 2004), incorporating further updates by more recent literature (Deepak et al. 2016, 2018, 2021; Lajmi et al. 2016; Ganesh et al. 2017; Mirza & Patel 2018; Pal et al. 2018; Mallik et al. 2020, 2021; Bisht et al. 2021; Gowande et al. 2021; Bandara et al. 2022). We have also provided explanation for deletion of the taxa earlier reported in literature, and appeal to future workers to collect voucher specimens or photographs to report additions to the herpetofauna diversity of Telangana. 

 

 

Results and Discussion

 

In this checklist, 98 species of herpetofauna including 17 species of amphibians and 81 species of reptiles are listed (Table 1; Images 1 to 72) as being present in Telangana. The amphibian diversity is represented by four species belonging to family Bufonidae, six species to Microhylidae, five species to Dicroglossidae, and one species to Rhacophoridae. The reptilian diversity is represented by one species belonging to one family Crocodylidae in order Crocodylia, six species in three families: Testudinidae, Geomydidae & Trionychidae, in order Testudines, 72 species in 15 families in order Squamata. Among the squamates, 33 species belonging to six families are saurids, while 39 species belonging to nine families are serpents.

Among the amphibians, two species are endemic to India (with one to peninsular India), 11 species endemic to South Asia (one species from India and Sri Lanka, rest from more than two countries in South Asia). Among the reptiles, three species of reptiles (Hemidactylus flavicaudus Lajmi, Giri, Singh & Agarwal, 2020; H. xericolus Lajmi, Giri, Singh & Agarwal, 2020; and H. aemulus Kumar, Srinivasulu & Srinivasulu, 2022) are endemic to Telangana State, 27 species are endemic to India (with 19 from peninsular India), 26 species endemic to southern Asia (seven species from at least two countries, five species from three countries, and rest from more than three countries in southern Asia). One species of snake, the Ornate Flying Snake Chrysopelea ornata, was discovered in a timber depot in Hyderabad in July 2017 and is thought to have been inadvertently transported to the urban ecosystem by a timber truck. 

As per the IUCN Red List database, the amphibian diversity of Telangana includes 14 Least Concern species, one species—Duttaphrynus hololius—as Data Deficient, and one species—Euphlyctis cyanophlyctis—is Not Evaluated. Amongst the reptiles, five species—Crocodylus palustris, Geochelone elegans, Nilssonia gangetica, N. leithii, and Eutropis ashwamedhi—are listed as Vulnerable. Two species—Melanochelys trijuga and Eutropis nagarjunensis—are Near Threatened, while one species—Platyceps bholanathi—is Data Deficient. As many as 26 species are of Least Concern, and 44 species are yet to be evaluated.

Among amphibians, only two species—Hoplobatrachus crassus and H. tigerinus—are included in Schedule IV of Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972. The latter species is also included in Appendix III of CITES. Among reptiles, six species are included in Schedule I, six species are included in Schedule II, and 35 species are included in Schedule IV of Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972. As many as 18 species are included in CITES list—five species in Appendix I, 10 species in Appendix II, and three species in Appendix III.

While compiling this list we have detected 10 species that have been included in earlier lists that we have removed due to taxonomic reasons and/or distribution mismatch (Table 2). Furthermore, we have not included two species—Minervarya syhadrensis Annandale, 1919 and Microhyla nilpharmariensis Howlader, Nair, Gopalan & Merilä, 2015—included in the recent lists by Dinesh et al. (2021), and Narayana & Bharath (2021) due to lack of voucher specimen-based record of the presence of the species in Telangana. These works included those taxa that are considered to have wide distribution range according to Garg et al. (2018) and Phuge et al. (2020).

 

 

Table 1. Checklist of herpetofauna of Telangana State, India.

 

 

English name

Species

Authority

Telugu name

Vernacular name

IUCN

IWPA

CITES

I. Order Anura

1. Family Bufonidae

1

Asian Common Toad

Duttaphrynus melanostictus

(Schneider, 1799)

సామాన్య కప్ప

Samanya Kappa

LC

-

-

2

Schneider's Toad1

Duttaphrynus scaber IN,SL

(Schneider, 1799)

స్కనైడర్స కప్ప

Schneiders Kappa

LC

-

-

3

Deccan Toad

Duttaphrynus peninsularis

(Rao, 1920)

పాలరాతి కప్ప

Palarati Kappa

LC

-

-

4

Günther’s Toad2

Duttaphrynus hololius PI

(Günther, 1876)

గుంతర్స కప్ప

Gunthers Kappa

DD

-

-

2. Family Dicroglossidae

5

Indian Skipper Frog

Euphlyctis cyanophlyctis

(Schneider, 1799)

ఛేరువు కప్ప

Cheruvu Kappa

NE

-

-

6

Orissa Cricket Frog3

Fejervarya orissaensis SA

(Dutta, 1997)

ఓడిషా వరి సేను కప్ప

Odisha Vari Senu Kappa

LC

-

-

7

Common Indian Cricket Frog

Minervarya agricola SA

(Jerdon, 1853)

సామాన్య క్రికెట్ కప్ప

Samanya Cricket Kappa

LC

-

-

8

Jerdon's Bullfrog

Hoplobatrachus crassus SA

(Jerdon, 1854)

జరడన్స కప్ప

Jerdon’s Kappa

LC

Sch. IV

-

9

Indian Bullfrog

Hoplobatrachus tigerinus SA

(Daudin, 1803)

గందరు కప్ప

Gandru Kappa

LC

Sch. IV

App. II

10

Indian Burrowing Frog

Sphaerotheca breviceps SA

(Schneider, 1799)

బొరియలు కప్ప

Boriyalu Kappa

LC

-

-

3. Family Microhylidae

11

Ornate Narrow-mouth Frog

Microhyla ornata SA

(Duméril & Bibron, 1841)

అలంకృత చిన్న కప్ప 

Alankrita Chinna Kappa

LC

-

-

12

Red Narrow-mouth Frog

Microhyla rubra IN

(Jerdon, 1854)

ఏరుపు ఛిన్న కప్ప

Erupu Chinna Kappa

LC

-

-

13

Sri Lankan Painted Frog

Uperodon taprobanicus SA

(Parker, 1934)

చిత్రించిన గలిబుడుగా కప్ప

Chitrinchina Galibuduga Kappa

LC

-

-

14

Variegated Ramanella

Uperodon variegatus SA

(Stoliczka, 1872)

రంగురంగుల గలిబుడుగా కప్ప

Rangurangula Galibuduga Kappa

LC

-

-

15

Indian Balloon Frog

Uperodon globulosus SA

(Günther, 1864)

సామాన్య గలిబుడుగా కప్ప

Samanya Galibuduga Kappa

LC

-

-

16

Marbled Balloon Frog

Uperodon systoma SA

(Schneider, 1799)

పాలరాతి గలిబుడుగా కప్ప

Palarati Galibuduga Kappa

LC

-

-

4. Family Rhacophoridae

17

Indian Tree Frog

Polypedates maculatus SA

(Gray, 1830)

సున్నం కప్ప

Sunnam Kappa

LC

-

-

II. Order Crocodylia

1. Family Crocodylidae

18

Mugger Crocodile

Crocodylus palustris

Lesson, 1831

మొసలి

Mosali

VU

Sch. I (Part II)

App. I

III. Order Testudines

1. Family Testudinidae

19

Indian Star Tortoise

Geochelone elegans IN,SL

(Schoepff, 1795)

నక్షత్ర తాబేలు

Nakshatra Tabelu

VU

Sch. IV

App. I

2. Family Geomydidae

20

Indian Tent Turtle

Pangshura tentoria BD,IN

(Gray, 1834)

సామాన్య డేరా తాబేలు

Samanya Dera Tabelu

LC

Sch. IV

App. II

21

Indian Black Turtle

Melanochelys trijuga

(Schweigger, 1812)

నియే తాబేలు

Nuiye Tabelu

NT

Sch. IV

App. II

3. Family Trionychidae

22

Indian Flap-shelled Turtle

Lissemys punctata SA

(Bonnaterre, 1789)

రెక్క-చిప్ప తాబేలు

Rekka-chippa Tabelu

LC

Sch. I (Part II)

App. II

23

Ganges Soft-shelled Turtle4

Nilssonia gangetica BD,IN,PK

(Cuvier, 1825)

గంగమ్మ మెత్తని-చిప్ప తాబేలు

Gangamma Mettani-chippa Tabelu

VU

Sch. I (Part II)

App. I

24

Leith’s Soft-shelled Turtle5

Nilssonia leithii IN

(Gray, 1872)

లేతస్ మెత్తని-చిప్ప తాబేలు

Leiths Mettani-chippa Tabelu

VU

Sch. IV

App. II

IV. Order Squamata

Sauria (Lacertilia)

1. Family Agamidae

25

Forest Calotes6

Monilesaurus cf. rouxii IN

Dumeril & Bibron, 1837

అడవి తొండ

Adavi Thonda

LC

-

-

26

Common Garden Lizard

Calotes vultuosus

(Harlan, 1825)

సామాన్య తొండ

Samanya Thonda

NE

-

-

27

Blanford’s Rock Agama

Psammophilus blanfordanus IN

(Stoliczka, 1871)

చిన్న పోలీస్ తొండ

Chinna Polees Thonda

LC

-

-

28

Peninsular Rock Agama

Psammophilus dorsalis PI

(Gray, 1831)

పోలీస్ తొండ

Polees Thonda

LC

-

-

29

Spiny-headed Fan-throated Lizard

Sitana spinaecephalus IN

Deepak, Vyas & Giri, 2016

సీతమ్మ తొండ

Sitamma Thonda

NE

-

-

30

Nagarjunasagar Fan-throated Lizard7

Sitana thondalu AP,TS

Deepak, Khandekar, Chaitanya & Karanth, 2018 

నాగార్జునసాగర్ తొండ

Nagarjunasagar Thonda

NE

 

 

2. Family Chamaeleonidae

31

Indian Chameleon

Chamaeleo zeylanicus IN, SL

Laurenti, 1768

ఊసరవల్లి

Ursaravalli

LC

Sch. II (Part I)

App. II

3. Family Gekkonidae

32

Emulous leaf-toed gecko

Hemidactylus aemulus TS

Kumar, Srinivasulu & Srinivasulu, 2022

ఏములుస్  రాతి బల్లి

Emulus Rathi Balli

NE

-

-

33

Mahbubnagar Yellow-tailed Brookish Gecko

Hemidactylus flavicaudus TS

Lajmi, Giri, Singh & Agarwal, 2020

మహబూబ్నగర్ పశపుతోకగల బల్లి

Mahbubnagar Pasuputhokagala Balli

NE

-

-

34

Yellow-bellied House Gecko

Hemidactylus flaviviridis

Rüppell, 1835

పసుపురంగు ఇంటి బల్లి

Pasupurangu Inti Balli

NE

-

-

35

Common House Gecko

Hemidactylus frenatus

Duméril & Bibron, 1836

సామాన్య ఇంటి బల్లి

Samanya Inti Balli

LC

-

-

36

Giant Leaf-toed Gecko

Hemidactylus giganteus PI

Stoliczka, 1871

పేద్ద రాతి బల్లి

Pedda Rathi Balli

LC

-

-

37

Gleadow’s House Gecko

Hemidactylus cf. gleadowi IN,PK

Murray, 1884

గలేడోస్ బల్లి 

Gleadows Balli

NE

-

-

38

Graceful Leaf-toed Gecko

Hemidactylus gracilis IN

Blanford, 1870

అందమైయాన బల్లి

Andamaiyana Balli

LC

-

-

39

Kanger Valley Rock Gecko8

Hemidactylus kangerensis CG,TS

Mirza, Bhosale & Patil, 2017

కాంగెర్ లోయ బల్లి

Kanger Loya Balli

NE

-

-

40

Leschenault’s Leaf-toed Gecko

Hemidactylus leschenaultii

Duméril & Bibron, 1836

లేసేనాలటస్ బల్లి

Leschenaults Balli

NE

-

-

41

Murray's House Gecko

Hemidactylus murrayi

Gleadow, 1887

ముర్రేస్ బల్లి

Murrays Balli

NE

-

-

42

Spotted House Gecko

Hemidactylus parvimaculatus

Deraniyagala, 1953

చుక్కల బల్లి

Chukala Balli

NE

-

-

43

Reticulated Leaf-toed Gecko9

Hemidactylus reticulatus PI

Beddome, 1870

సన్న-చారల బల్లి

Sana-Charala Balli

LC

-

-

44

Saxatile Leaf-toed Gecko

Hemidactylus saxicolus TS,KAR

Kumar, Srinivasulu & Srinivasulu, 2022

సాక్షాటయిలే రాతి బల్లి

Saxatile Rathi Balli

NE

-

-

45

Treutler’s Gecko

Hemidactylus treutleri PI

Mahony, 2009

త్రుతలర్స బల్లి

Treutlers Balli

LC

-

-

46

Termite Hill Gecko

Hemidactylus triedrus IN,PK,SL

(Daudin, 1802)

చెడ్డలపుట్ట బల్లి

Chedalaputta Balli

NE

-

-

47

Nalgonda Yellow-tailed Brookish Gecko

Hemidactylus xericolus TS

Lajmi, Giri, Singh & Agarwal, 2020

నాలగొండ పశపుతోకగల బల్లి

Nalgonda Pasuputhokagala Balli

NE

 

 

4. Family Lacertidae

48

Leschenault’s Snake-eyed Lizard

Ophisops leschenaultii IN,SL

(Milne-Edwards, 1829)

లేసేనాలటస్ పాము-కనులా బల్లి

Leschenaults Pamu-kanula Balli

LC

-

-

49

Jerdon's Snake-eye Lizard10

Ophisops jerdonii AF,IN,PK

Blyth, 1853

జరడన్స పాము-కనులా బల్లి

Jerdons Pamu-kanula Balli

LC

-

-

50

Lesser Snake-eyed Lizard11

Ophisops nictans IN,SL

Arnold, 1989

చిన్న పాము-కనులా బల్లి

Chinna Pamu-kanula Balli

NE

-

-

5. Family Scincidae

51

White-spotted Supple Skink

Riopa albopunctata

Gray, 1846

తెళ-మచ్చలా  నలికిరీ

Tella-machhala Nalikiri

NE

-

-

52

Günther’s Writhing Skink12

Riopa guentheri PI

(Peters, 1879)

గుంతర్స నలికిరీ

Gunthers Nalikiri

LC

-

-

53

Common Spotted Supple Skink

Riopa punctata

(Linnaeus, 1758)

నలికిరీ

Nalikiri

NE

-

-

54

Allapalli Skink13

Eutropis allapallensis PI

(Schmidt, 1926)

ఆళ్లపల్లి పాలపిందె

Allapally Palapinde

LC

-

-

55

Ashwamedha Scrub Forest Skink14

Eutropis ashwamedhi AP,TS

(Sharma, 1969)

ఆశ్వమేధుని పాలపిందె

Ashwamedhuni Palapinde

VU

-

-

56

Common Grass Skink

Eutropis carinata SA

(Schneider, 1801)

పాలపిందె

Palapinde

LC

-

-

57

Bronze Skink

Eutropis macularia

(Blyth, 1853)

మచ్చమచ్చల పాలపిందె

Machamachala Palapinde

NE

-

-

58

Nagarjunasagar Grass Skink15

Eutropis nagarjunensis AP,TS

(Sharma, 1969)

నాగార్జునసాగర్ పాలపిందె

Nagarjunasagar Palapinde

NT

-

-

6. Family Varanidae

59

Common Monitor Lizard

Varanus bengalensis

(Daudin, 1802)

వుదుము

Vudumu

LC

Sch. I (Part II)

App. I

Ophidia (Serpentes)

7. Family Typhlophidae

60

Beaked Worm Snake

Grypotyphlops acutus PI

(Duméril & Bibron, 1844)

ఎద్ధూముక్కూ పాము

Eddhumukku Paamu

LC

Sch. IV

-

61

Brahminy Worm Snake

Indotyphlops braminus

(Daudin, 1803)

గుడ్డి పాము

Guddi Paamu

NE

Sch. IV

-

8. Family Pythonidae

62

Indian Rock Python

Python molurus SA

(Linnaeus, 1758)

కొండచిలువ

Konda Chiluva

NE

Sch. I   (Part II)

App. I

9. Family Boidae

63

Common Sand Boa

Eryx conicus SA

(Schneider, 1801)

మట్టి పాము

Matti Paamu

NE

Sch. IV

App. II

64

Red Sand Boa

Eryx johnii

(Russell, 1801)

రెండుముతుల పాము

Rendumoothula Paamu

NE

Sch. IV

App. II

10. Family Colubridae

65

Indian Vine Snake

Ahaetulla oxyrhynca IN

(Bell, 1825)

పసరిక

Pasarika

NE

Sch. IV

-

66

Yellow-green Cat Snake16

Boiga flaviviridis IN

Vogel & Ganesh, 2013

పసుపుపచ్చ పిల్లి-కన్ను పాము

Pasupupaccha Pilli-kannu Paamu

NE

Sch. IV

-

67

Forsten's Cat Snake17

Boiga forsteni IN,SL

(Duméril et al., 1854)

ఫోరసటెన్ పిల్లి-కన్ను పాము

Forsten Pilli-kannu Paamu

LC

Sch. IV

-

68

Common Cat Snake

Boiga trigonata

(Schneider, 1802)

సామాన్య పిల్లి-కన్ను పాము

Samanya Pilli-kannu Paamu

LC

Sch. IV

-

69

Indian Egg-eating Snake18

Boiga westermanni BD,IN,NP

(Reinhardt, 1863)

గుడ్డు-తినె పాము

Guddu-thine Paamu

NE

Sch. I (Part II)

App. II

70

Common Trinket Snake

Coelognathus helena SA

(Daudin, 1803)

మెగారేకుల పొద

Megarekula Poda

NE

Sch. IV

-

71

Indian Smooth Snake19

Wallophis brachyurus IN

(Günther, 1866)

మెత్తని పాము

Mettani Paamu

NE

Sch. IV

-

72

Common Bronzeback Snake

Dendrelaphis tristis SA

(Daudin, 1803)

చెత్తరీక

Chettirika

NE

Sch. IV

-

73

Slender Wolf Snake20

Lycodon fasciolatus SA

(Shaw, 1802)

సన్న కట్ల పాము

Sanna Katla Paamu

NE

Sch. IV

-

74

Common Wolf Snake

Lycodon aulicus

(Linnaeus, 1758)

చిన్న కట్ల పాము

Chinna Katla Paamu

NE

Sch. IV

-

75

Yellow-collared Wolf Snake21

Lycodon flavicollis PI

Mukherjee & Bhupathy, 2007

పసుపు మేడ చిన్న కట్ల పాము

Pasupumeda Chinna Katla Paamu

NE

Sch. IV

-

76

Yellow-spotted Wolf Snake22

Lycodon flavomaculatus PI

Wall, 1907

పసుపుమచ్చల చిన్న కట్ల పాము

Pasupumachala Chinna Katla Paamu

LC

Sch. IV

-

77

Bridal Snake23

Lycodon nympha IN,SL

(Daudin, 1803)

వనదేవత పాము

Vanadevatha Paamu

NE

Sch. IV

-

78

Barred Wolf Snake

Lycodon striatus

(Shaw, 1802)

చారల కట్ల పాము

Charala Kalta Paamu

NE

Sch. IV

-

79

Streaked Kukri Snake

Oligodon taeniolatus

(Jerdon, 1853)

సామాన్య కుకరీ పాము

Chinna Kukri Paamu

NE

Sch. IV

-

80

Russell’s Kukri Snake24

Oligodon russellius IN

(Daudin, 1803)

రసెల్' కుకరీ పాము

Russells Kukri Paamu

LC

Sch. IV

-

81

Nagarjunsagar Racer25

Platyceps bholanathi PI

(Sharma, 1976)

నాగార్జునసాగర్ పాము

Nagarjunasagar Paamu

DD

Sch. IV

-

82

Banded Racer

Platyceps plinii SA

(Merrem, 1820)

శ్వేత నాగు

Shwetha Naagu

NE

Sch. IV

-

83

Indian Rat Snake

Ptyas mucosa

(Linnaeus, 1758)

జెర్రిగొద్దు

Jerri Goddu

NE

Sch. II  (Part II)

App. II

84

Dumeril’s Black-headed Snake26

Sibynophis subpunctatus BD,IN,SL

(Duméril, Bibron & Duméril, 1854)

చిన్న నలాతల పాము

Chinna Nalathala Paamu

NE

Sch. IV

-

11. Family Natricidae

85

Buff-striped Keelback

Amphiesma stolatum

(Linnaeus, 1758)

వాన కోయిలా

Vaana Koyila

NE

Sch. IV

-

86

Olive Keelback27

Atretium schistosum SA

(Daudin, 1803)

వాన పాము

Vaana Paamu

LC

Sch. II  (Part II)

App. III

87

Checkered Keelback

Fowlea piscator

(Schneider, 1799)

నీరుకట్టే పాము

Neerukatte Paamu

NE

Sch. II  (Part II)

App. III

88

Green Keelback

Rhabdophis plumbicolor

(Cantor, 1839)

వనప పాము

Vanapa Paamu

NE

Sch. IV

-

12. Family Psammophidae

89

Indian Sand Snake28

Psammophis condanarus

(Merrem, 1820)

ఇసుక పాము

Isuka Paamu

LC

-

-

90

Stout Sand Snake29

Psammophis longifrons MH,TS

Boulenger, 1890

బొడ్డు ఇసుక పాము

Boddu Isuka Paamu

LC

-

-

13. Family Elapidae

91

Common Indian Krait

Bungarus caeruleus IN,PK,SL

(Schneider, 1801)

కట్ల పాము

Katla Paamu

NE

Sch. IV

-

92

Banded Krait30

Bungarus fasciatus

(Schneider, 1801)

బంగారు కట్ల పాము

Bangaru Katla Paamu

LC

Sch. IV

-

93

Slender Coral Snake31

Calliophis melanurus SA

(Shaw, 1802)

సనని పగడపు పాము

Sanani Padagapu Paamu

NE

Sch. IV

-

94

Spectacled Cobra

Naja naja SA

(Linnaeus, 1758)

నాగు పాము

Naagu Paamu

NE

Sch. II  (Part II)

App. II

14. Family Viperidae

95

Russell’s Viper

Daboia russelii SA

(Shaw & Nodder, 1797)

రక్త పింజర

Raktha Pinjara

NE

Sch. II  (Part II)

App. III

96

Saw-scaled Viper

Echis carinatus

(Schneider, 1801)

చిన్న పింజర

Chinna Pinjara

NE

Sch. IV

-

97

Bamboo Pit Viper

Trimeresurus gramineus PI

(Shaw, 1802)

వెదురు పాము

Veduru Paamu

LC

Sch. IV

-

15. Family Uropeltidae

98

Elliot's Shieldtail Snake32

Uropeltis ellioti PI

(Gray, 1858)

ఎలియట్స్ మన్ను పాము

Elliots Mannu Paamu

LC

Sch. IV

-

 

Key: *Vernacular names are those expressly coined anew by the authors of this paper and they are not necessarily what is there in common dialect in Telangana State | DD—Data Deficient | LC—Least Concern | NE—Not Evaluated | VU—Vulnerable | AF—Afghanistan | BD—Bangladesh | IN—India | NP—Nepal | PK—Pakistan | SL—Sri Lanka | PI—Peninsular India | SA—Southern Asia | AP—Andhra Pradesh | CG—Chhattisgarh | KAR—Karnataka | MH—Maharashtra | TS—Telangana | Sch.—Schedule | App.—Appendix.

 

1Known from Hyderabad, Karimnagar, Komaram Bheem Asifabad, Medak, Medchal-Malkajgiri, Nagarkurnool, Nalgonda, Nirmal, Nizamabad and Sangareddy districts (C. Srinivasulu & G.C. Kumar pers. obs.)

2Known from Medchal-Malkajgiri and Nalgonda districts (Ganesh et al. 2020)

3Due to recent taxonomic changes, species identification needs to be resolved; perhaps more species might be present in Telangana State

4Known historically from Nagarjunasagar dam area in Nalgonda district (Sharma 1971)

5Known historically from Nagarjunasagar dam area in Nalgonda district (Sharma 1971)

6Known from Nirmal district, Nagarkurnool district and Nalgonda district (C. Srinivasulu pers. obs.)

7Known from Nagarjunasagar dam area in Nalgonda district (M. Seetharamaraju & G.C. Kumar pers. obs.)

8Known from Khammam Fort, Khammam district (Mirza et al. 2017)

9Known from Hyderabad, Nalgonda, and Warangal Urban districts (Kumar et al. 2015)

10Known from Warangal Urban district (G.C. Kumar pers. obs.)

11Known from Adilabad district (Agarwal et al. 2018)

12Known from Nalgonda and Adilabad districts (Javed et al. 2010)

13Known from Adilabad, Komaram Bheem Asifabad and Nirmal districts (C. Srinivasulu & G.C. Kumar pers. obs.)

14Known historically from Nagarjunasagar dam area in Nalgonda district (Srinivasulu et al. 2016)

15Known from Nagarkurnool, Nalgonda, Ranga Reddy, and Wanaparthy districts (Narayana et al. 2017)

16Known from Jangaon district (Choure et al. 2021)

17Known from Bhadradri Kothagudem, Jayashankar Bhupalapally, Nagarkurnool, and Warangal Rural districts (G.C. Kumar, A. Visvanath & C. Srinivasulu pers. obs.)

18Known from Mancherial, Ranga Reddy, Sangareddy and Vikarabad districts (Mohan et al. 2018)

19Known from a single record near Vikarabad, Vikarabad district (A. Visvanath pers. obs. June 2016)

20Known from Hyderabad, Medchal-Malkajgiri, Ranga Reddy, and Sangareddy districts (A. Visvanath pers. comm., G.C. Kumar pers. obs.)

21Known from Hyderabad, Medchal-Malkajgiri, Peddapalli, Ranga Reddy, Sangareddy, and Wanaparthy districts (A. Visvanath pers. comm., C. Srinivasulu pers. obs.)

22Known from Neredgonda, near Kuntala, Adilabad district (G.C. Kumar pers. obs.) and Belgaon, Jainath mandal, Adilabad (Anne & Visvanathan 2018)

23Known from Adilabad, Hyderabad, and Medchal-Malkajgiri districts (Whitaker & Captain 2004; C. Srinivasulu & M. Seetharamaraju pers. obs.)

24Known from Hyderabad, Mancherial, Medchal-Malkajgiri, Nagarkurnool, Nirmal, Nizamabad, Peddapalli, Ranga Reddy, and Wanaparthy districts (Seetharamaraju et al. 2011, C. Srinivasulu & M. Seetharamaraju pers. obs .)

25Known from Hyderabad, Kamareddy, Medchal-Malkajgiri, Nalgonda, Ranga Reddy, and Sangareddy districts (Narayana & Sandeep 2021)

26Known from Kamareddy, Komaram Bheem Asifabad, Medchal-Malkajgiri, Nagarkurnool, and Ranga Reddy districts (Kumar et al. 2017a)

27Known from Kamareddy, Hyderabad, Medchal-Malkajgiri, Nalgonda, and Sangareddy districts (C. Srinivasulu & M. Seetharamaraju pers. obs.)

28Known from Nallamala Hills, Nagarkurnool and near Koppole, Nalgonda district (C. Srinivasulu pers. obs.)

29Known from Medchal-Malkajgiri and Ranga Reddy districts (Visvanathan et al. 2017)

30Known from Jayashankar Bhupalapally and Mulugu districts (Srinivasulu et al. 2009)

31Known from Nalgonda district (Seetharamaraju et al. 2019)

32Known from Egalapenta in Nallamala Hills in Nagarkurnool district (S. Sadashivaiah pers. comm. April 2021)

 

 

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