Journal of Threatened Taxa | | 26 October 2021 | 13(12): 19874–19877


ISSN 0974-7907 (Online) | ISSN 0974-7893 (Print)

#6879 | Received 10 November 2020 | Final received 18 October 2021 | Finally accepted 20 October 2021



Additional distribution records of Ceropegia anjanerica, an endemic and ‘Endangered’ lantern flower of the northern Western Ghats, India


Samir Shrikant Maity 1, Ajay Natha Gangurde 2, Sharad Suresh Kambale 3, Avinash Ramchandra Gholave 4, Avinash Asraji Adsul 5, Ganesh Babaso Pawar 6 & Kumar Vinod Chhotupuri Gosavi 7


1,7 Department of Botany, Gokhale Education Society’s HPT Arts and RYK Science College, Nashik, Maharashtra 422005, India.

2 Department of Botany, Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune, Maharashtra 411007, India.

3 Department of Botany, Maratha Vidya Prasarak Samaj’s Arts, Commerce & Science College, Tryambakeshwar, Nashik, Maharashtra 422212, India.

4 Department of Botany, K.V.N. Naik Arts, Commerce and Science College, Canada Corner, Nashik, Maharashtra 422002, India.

5 Department of Botany, Gokhale Education Society’s Arts, Commerce and Science College, Jawhar, District Palghar, Maharashtra 401603, India.

6 Department of Botany, Abasaheb Marathe Arts and New Commerce, Science College, Rajapur, District-Ratnagiri, Maharashtra 416702, India.,, (corresponding author),,,,



Editor: Anonymity requested.   Date of publication: 26 October 2021 (online & print)


Citation: Maity, S.S., A.N. Gangurde, S.S. Kambale, A.R. Gholave, A.A. Adsul, G.B. Pawar & K.V.C. GosavI (2021). Additional distribution records of Ceropegia anjanerica, an endemic and ‘Endangered’ lantern flower of the northern Western Ghats, India.  Journal of Threatened Taxa 13(12): 19874–19877.


Copyright: © Maity et al. 2021. Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.  JoTT allows unrestricted use, reproduction, and distribution of this article in any medium by providing adequate credit to the author(s) and the source of publication.


Funding: Self-funded.


Competing interests: The authors declare no competing interests.


Acknowledgements: The authors thank the principals of their respective colleges for necessary facilities; Dr. Amol Mamlaya, Arts, Commerce and Science College, Mokhada for help during field work; Mr. Pankaj Garg (DCF), Mrs. Ratna Tuplondhe, Mr. Sujit Bokade, Mr. Dnyaneshwar Shinde, Mr. Haribhau Nimbekar, Mr. Sanjay Badade, Mr. Kailas Nimbekar & Mr. Bablu Dive (Forest guards, Maharashtra Forest Department, Nashik West) for necessary help; and Mr. Rangnath Burange for information on the locality details.




Genus Ceropegia L. (s.s.) (Ceropegiae: Apocynaceae) is represented by more than 260 taxa worldwide (The Plant List 2013) and distributed in the Canary Islands, India, Madagascar, New Guinea, northern Australia, southeastern Asia, tropical Arabica, and Africa except the Mediterranean region (Meve 2002). It is represented by 62 taxa in India and 26 taxa in Maharashtra (Kambale & Yadav 2019; Murugesan et al. 2019). Nashik district represents six species and two varieties of Ceropegia, viz., Ceropegia anjanerica Malpure, M.Y.Kamble & S.R.Yadav, C. bulbosa Roxb. var. bulbosa, C. bulbosa Roxb. var. lushii (Graham) Hook.f., C. hirsuta Wight & Arn., C. lawii Hook.f., C. mahabalei Hemadri & Ansari, C. media (H.Huber) Ansari, and C. vincifolia Hook (List modified based on personal observations, after Lakshminarasimhan & Sharma 1991).

Ceropegia anjanerica is an ‘Endangered’ (Pethe & Watve 2021) and endemic flytrap flower and has recently been reported from adjacent area called Navardev, Kushegaon, Igatpuri tehsil of Nashik district (Auti et al. 2019).

As a part of floristic studies on Tryambakeshwar and surrounding areas, various places have been surveyed by the authors. A recent survey made of the Bhaskargad, Bramha Hill, Bramhagiri Hill, Harihar Fort, Vatvad Hill, (Nashik District) resulted in the collection of Ceropegia anjanerica (Malpure et al. 2006).


Ceropegia anjanerica Malpure, M.Y.Kamble & S.R. Yadav Curr. Sci. 91(9): 1141. 2006; Karthik. et al. Fl. Pl. India 1: 160. 2009; Kambale & S.R.Yadav, Asklepios 115: 29. 2013; Kambale & S.R.Yadav, Rheedea 29(1): 93; Auti et al. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 116. 181. 2019. (Fig. 1, Table 1).

Perennial, erect, tuberous herbs. Stems rarely two per tuber. Leaves scabrous above, along midrib, and margin, lamina lamina elliptic-narrowly elliptic, 1.3–3.7 × 0.3–1.1 cm, glabrous otherwise. Inflorescence an extra-axillary solitary flower; corolla tube up to 1.9 cm long, gradually dilated at base, funnel-shaped towards throat, slightly curved, greenish-grey, striated with deep purple lines within, white otherwise, glabrous within; corolla lobes 1.4–1.9 cm long, greenish-yellow, obovate, attenuate, finely pubescent throughout, connate at the tip, lobes reflexed. Corona biseriate, stipitate; outer corona of five bifid lobes, 2×2 mm, yellow, ciliate within and along margin; inner corona of five erect linear lobes, c. 2 mm long, alternating with outer corona. Follicles usually in pairs, straight, tapering to a fine point, erect. Seeds ovoid, oblong, comose; coma white, silky.

Flowering & Fruiting: July–November.

Distribution: Endemic to the northern Western Ghats of Maharashtra (Nashik district).

Habitat: Grows at an altitude of about 1,300 m in well-drained soil, in association with Cyanotis fasciculata (B. Heyne ex Roth) Schult.f., Justicia procumbens L., Senecio bombayensis N.P. Balakr. and Swertia minor Knobl.

Specimens examined: SSK-5420, 19.vii.2020, India, Maharashtra, Nashik District, Tryambakeshwar, Umbhrande, Vatvad Hill, coll. S.S. Kambale (Image 3); SSK-5421, 28.vii.2020, Bhaskargad, coll. A.N. Gangurde & S.S. Maity; SSK-5422, 3.viii.2020, Harshvadi, Harihar Fort, coll. S.S. Maity & A.N. Gangurde; SSK-5423, 4.viii.2020, Tryambakeshwar, Bramhagiri Hill, coll. S.S. Maity & A.N. Gangurde; SSK-5427, 6.ix.2020, Bramha Hill, Harshvadi-Talegaon, coll. A.N. Gangurde, S.S. Maity, A.A. Adsul & S.S. Kambale (All specimens are in the Herbarium of Department of Botany, Arts, Commerce & Science College, Tryambakeshwar).

Notes: These peculiar flytrap flowers remained unnoticed despite the localities of their occurrence were frequently visited by both botanists and amateur plant photographers.  Vatvad Hill, Bhaskargad, Harihar Fort, and Brahmagiri are the places of the public interest and visited for adventurous treks during and after monsoon. Authors have visited Bramhagiri Hill several times, however, never encountered with Ceropegia anjanerica. This year when we visited Vatvad Hill during monsoon (July 2020) we observed healthy population of Ceropegia anjanerica. Then, we thought that the species may occur wherever similar habitats are available. Such similar habitats are available on the very next rock outcrops which are Bhaskargad, Harihar fort, Bramha Hill and Bramhagiri Hill.  Surveys undertaken to these places resulted in the collection of Ceropegia anjanerica. This collection highlights the need of designated surveys to locate such endemic species which are reported from their type localities only. This will help in prioritizing the conservation of threatened species. 

Conservation status: Ceropegia anjanerica was assessed as Critically Endangered [CR B1ab (iii,v) + B2 ab (iii)] by Pethe et al. (2015) and as ‘Endangered’ by Pethe & Watve (2021) based on additional four locations on the IUCN Red List. Though the type locality, i.e., Anjaneri Hills, Nashik, is declared as an ‘Anjaneri Conservation Reserve’ and due care has been taken by Maharashtra Forest Department for its conservation, other localities are under constant anthropogenic pressure. Other than Anjaneri Conservation Reserve, all the localities are tourist places and therefore, frequent trampling by tourists will certainly destroy the habitats. Grazing is not a severe threat at the above mentioned localities. Controlled tourism and awareness amongst tourists will help in reducing the threat to some extent. Unnecessary uprooting of the tuber just for the sake of growing this endemic species in captivity should be avoided as it will not survive outside its habitat more than a year or so if appropriate care is not taken. 


Table 1. Comparison of characters at different populations.




Harihar fort


Arrangement of leaves


whorled (Image 1B)



Lamina shape

elliptic-narrowly elliptic

elliptic-narrowly elliptic

linear to lanceolate

elliptic-narrowly elliptic

Corolla tube




red at the upper half (Image 1C)

Corolla lobes




yellow with reddish tinge (Image 1C)



For images - - click here





Auti, S.G., K.V.C. Gosavi, S. Golait & S.S. Kambale (2019). Notes on Ceropegia anjanerica (Family: Apocynaceae): a critically endangered and endemic ‘fly trap flower’ of northern Western Ghats. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 116: 181–182.

Kambale, S.S. & S.R. Yadav (2019). Taxonomic revision of Ceropegia (Apocynaceae: Ceropegieae) in India. Rheedea 29(1): 1–115.

Lakshminarasimhan, P. & B.D. Sharma (1991). Flora of Nashik District. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta, 644pp.

Malpure, N.V., M.Y. Kamble & S.R. Yadav (2006). A new species of Ceropegia L. (Asclepiadaceae) from Western Ghats of India with a note on series Attenuatae Huber. Current Science 91(9): 1140–1142.

Meve, U. (2002). Ceropegia, pp. 63–106. In: Albers, F. & U. Meve (eds). Illustrated Handbook of Succulent Plants: Asclepiadaceae. Springer, Berlin.

Murugesan, M., A.A. Mao, L.R. Meitei & S.S. Kambale (2019). Ceropegia khasiana (Apocynaceae: Ceropegieae), a new species from Meghalaya, Northeast India. Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore 71(2): 519–525.

Pethe, J., A. Tillu & A. Watve (2015). Threat status assessment of Ceropegia anjanerica Malpure et al. (Magnoliopsida: Gentianales: Apocynaceae) from Anjaneri Hills, Nashik District, Maharashtra, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 7(3): 6965–6971.

Pethe, J. & A. Watve (2021). Ceropegia anjanerica. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021: e.T177964188A177969117. Downloaded on 10 October 2021.  

The Plant List (2013). Version 1.1. Accessed July 30, 2020.