Journal of Threatened Taxa | www.threatenedtaxa.org | 26 June 2019 | 11(8): 13992–14009

 

 

 

A checklist of mammals of Tamil Nadu, India

 

Manokaran Kamalakannan 1 & Paingamadathil Ommer Nameer 2

 

1 Mammal & Osteology section, Zoological Survey of India, M- Block, New Alipore, Kolkata, West Bengal 700053, India.

2 Centre for Wildlife Studies, College of Forestry, Kerala Agricultural University, Thrissur, Kerala 680656, India.

1 kamalakannanm1@gmail.com, 2 nameer.po@kau.in (corresponding author)

 

 

 

 

doi: https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.4705.11.8.13992-14009  |  ZooBank: urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:F3525FB1-FE83-4504-8017-175E189F78DD

 

Editor: H.N. Kumara, Salim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural History (SACON), Coimbatore, India.           Date of publication: 26 June 2019 (online & print)

 

Manuscript details: #4705 | Received 17 November 2018 | Final received 02 June 2019 | Finally accepted 11 June 2019

 

Citation: Kamalakannan, M. & P.O. Nameer (2019). A checklist of mammals of Tamil Nadu, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 11(8): 13992–14009; https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.4705.11.8.13992-14009

 

Copyright: © Kamalakannan & Nameer 2019. Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.  JoTT allows unrestricted use, reproduction, and distribution of this article in any medium by adequate credit to the author(s) and the source of publication.

 

Funding: None.

 

Competing interests: The authors declare no competing interests.

 

Author details: Dr. M. Kamalakannan is specialized in mammal taxonomy; he is currently working as Senior Zoological Assistant at the Mammal & Osteology Section of Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata, India. His research interests lie on the taxonomic studies of mammal components housed in the National Zoological Collections, ZSI. He also specialized in identification of confiscated materials of mammals. He holds a PhD in Zoology for working on the tricho-taxonomy of Indian mammals.  Dr. P.O. Nameer is Professor and Head of Centre for Wildlife Studies, KAU. His research interests include the taxonomy, biogeography and ecology of vertebrates except fishes.

 

Author contribution: Both the authors contributed equally in compiling the information, designed and prepared the manuscript.

 

Acknowledgements: MK is grateful to Dr. Kailash Chandra, director of the Zoological Survey of India, for all the necessary facilities and encouragements.  PON, thank the Dean, College of Forestry for encouragement and support.

 

 

 

Abstract: A checklist of mammals of Tamil Nadu State is presented in this paper. Accepted English names, scientific binomen, prevalent vernacular names in Tamil, IUCN conservation status, Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act schedules, the appendices in the CITES, endemism, the distribution of species in India, the Western Ghats & plains of Tamil Nadu, and the complete bibliography pertaining to the 132 species of mammals of Tamil Nadu are given.

 

Keywords: CITES, Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, Tamil name, vernacular name, Western Ghats.

 

Abbreviations: IUCN - International Union for Conservation of Nature; IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: categories (CR - Critically Endangered; EN - Endangered; VU - Vulnerable; NT - Near Threatened; LC - Least Concern; NA - Not Assessed); END - Endemism; IWPA - Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 (Schedule I, II, III, IV, and V); CITES - Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (Appendix I, II and III); TN - Tamil Nadu; KL - Kerala: AP - Andhra Pradesh; WG - Western Ghats; PI - Peninsular India

 

 

Tamil abstract: தமிழ்நாட்டில் காணப்படும் பாலூட்டி விலங்கினங்களின் பட்டியல் இப்பிரதியில் கொடுக்கப்பட்டுள்ளது. இவ்விலங்குகளின் சரியான ஆங்கில பெயர், அறிவியல் பெயர், வழக்கமான தமிழ் பெயர், சிறப்பின ன்மை, பன்னாட்டு இயற்கைப் பாதுகாப்புச் சங்கத்தின் செம்பட்டியல் (IUCN Red List), இந்திய வனவிலங்கு (பாதுகாப்பு) சட்ட அட்டவணை மற்றும் அருகிய இன காட்டு விலங்குகள் மற்றும் தாவரங்களின் பன்னாட்டு வர்த்தகம் பற்றிய மாநாடு பட்டியல் (CITES) ஆகியவை குறிப்பிடப்பட்டுள்ளது. மேலும், இவ்விலங்குகள் இந்தியாவின் மற்ற மாநிலங்களில் காணப்படுதல் மற்றும் தமிழக மேற்குத் தொடர்ச்சி மலைகள் மற்றும் அதன் சமவெளிகளில் காணப்படுதல் ஆகியவையும் குறிப்பிடப்பட்டுள்ளது. தமிழ்நாட்டில் காணப்படும் மொத்தம் 132 பாலூட்டி இனங்களின் முழு அறிவியல் குறிப்புகள் கொடுக்கப்பட்டுள்ளது.

 

 

 

 

Introduction

 

Taxonomic accounts on the mammals of Tamil Nadu were carried out along with other Indian mammals by many authors, viz., Jerdon (1867), Blanford (1888-1891), Pocock (1939, 1941), Bates & Harrison (1997), Nameer (2000), and systematic review done by Ellerman & Morrison-Scott (1951), Prater (1971), Corbet & Hill (1992), Menon (2003, 2014), and Johnsingh & Manjrekar (2013, 2015).  Notably, the Mammal Survey of India of Bombay Natural History Society conducted the systematic mammal survey in different regions of India including Tamil Nadu from 1912 to 1923 and the results were published by Thomas (1914–1924), Wroughton (1913–1921), Ryley (1913–1914), Hinton (1918–1923), and Lindsay (1926).  Sathasivam (1996, 1998) published regional checklists of mammals together for Tamil Nadu and Kerala states where he listed 168 species; however, he did not mention any separate list for Tamil Nadu State alone.  Moreover, after 1998, no updated checklist of mammals is available for Tamil Nadu State despite many taxonomic and biogeographic revisions (Bates & Harrison 1997; Agrawal 2000; Johnsingh 2001; Nameer et al. 2001; Molur et al. 2005; Sridhar et al. 2008; Molur & Singh 2009), new records on smaller mammals (Pradhan et al. 1997; Vanitharani et al. 2003, 2005; Vanitharani 2006), molecular phylogeny studies on primates (Karanth et al. 2008; Nag et al. 2011), and on the genus Hemitragus (Ropiquet & Hassanin 2005) in Tamil Nadu and its neighbouring states.  Therefore, we provide the updated checklist along with the distribution and conservation status of mammalian species of Tamil Nadu State based on the recorded evidence.

 

 

Methods

 

The taxonomic arrangement of the species was primarily based on Wilson & Reeder (2005) and further updated using Wilson & Mittermeier (2009) and nomenclature of the species as per the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN).  The distribution of species in India (outside of Tamil Nadu State), and the current conservation status as per the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, mammal species listed in the different schedules of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 and the appendices of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) are also provided.

 

Results and Discussion

 

As Sathasivam (1996, 1998) provided a combined regional checklist of mammals for Tamil Nadu and Kerala, determining the mammal species only for Tamil Nadu is not possible from these checklists.  Of the 168 species of mammals (136 terrestrial and 32 marine) provided by Sathasivam (1996, 1998), there are 29 species neither found in Tamil Nadu nor in Kerala, and 12 species found only in Kerala, but not in Tamil Nadu (Table 1).  The nomenclatures of 11 species (Table 2) have been changed as per Wilson & Reeder (2005) and ICZN.  Two species, namely Sahyadri Forest Rat Rattus satarae and Lenis Woolly Bat Kerivoula lenis (Vanitharani et al. 2003; Molur et al. 2005) have been included in the present checklist (Table 4), which were not listed in the earlier checklist.  The current checklist also has additional details such as the updated nomenclature of species and their systematic account, prevalent vernacular names in Tamil, conservation status as per IUCN, IWPA and CITES, endemism, the distribution of species in India and the Western Ghats and plains of Tamil Nadu, and the complete bibliography for all species. 

A total of 132 (108 terrestrial and 24 marine) species of mammals belonging to 12 orders and 37 families are listed in the present checklist (Table 4).  Of the 108 terrestrial mammal species, 32 species are found only in the Western Ghats region of Tamil Nadu and remaining species are found both in the Western Ghats and the plains of Tamil Nadu.  The order Chiroptera represents a maximum number of species (35 species) followed by Rodentia (28 species) and these two taxa jointly account for 47 percent of the total mammalian fauna in Tamil Nadu (Fig. 1; Table 3).  A total of 32 species of marine mammals including Platanista gangetica Ganges River Dolphin have been reported from Indian waters so far (Kumaran 2002, 2012; Nameer 2016), of which, 24 species are distributed in Tamil Nadu State along the Bay of Bengal and the Indian Ocean.  Out of 51 known endemic species of mammals in India (Johnsingh & Nameer 2015), 22 species are found in the Tamil Nadu, and 14 of which are endemic to the Western Ghats.  Elvira Rat Cremnomys elvira, a Critically Endangered species found in Tamil Nadu State until now is known only from its type locality of Kurumbapatti, Salem District, in the Eastern Ghats of Tamil Nadu.  The genera namely Anathana, Latidens, and Nilgiritragus are monotypic and found only in the Tamil Nadu and its neighbouring states across the Western Ghats.  The Nilgiri Tahr Nilgiritragus hylocrius, the only wild goat endemic to the southern Western Ghats in Kerala and Tamil Nadu, was accorded the status of State Animal of Tamil Nadu (Gazette Notification of the Government of Tamil Nadu, 1988).

The checklist of mammals of any particular region needs to be periodically updated as the number of species changes due to new discoveries, taxonomic revisions and molecular phylogeny studies (Wilson & Reeder 2005).  Recently, Nameer (2015, 2016) provided a comprehensive checklist of mammals of Kerala, and the information on mammals of both Tamil Nadu (present checklist) and Kerala together will help in understating the mammal diversity of southern Western Ghats.  Moreover, the present checklist would help the researchers and state forest and wildlife managers to plan conservation strategies to manage the mammals in Tamil Nadu.

 

Table 1. List of mammal species as mentioned by Sathasivam (1996, 1998) and their present systematic and distribution status.

 

 

Name of the species as mentioned by Sathasivam (1996, 1998)

Present systematic and distribution status

References

 

ORDER PRIMATES

Family Cercopithecidae

 

 

1.

Semnopithecus entellus

Common or Hanuman Langur

Semnopithecus entellus split into seven species in India, of which two species (S. hypoleucos and S. priam) are known from TN

Karanth et al. (2008); Nag et al. (2011)

 

ORDER RODENTIA

Family Sciuridae 

 

 

2.

Funambulus layardi

Layard's Striped Squirrel

Restricted to Sri Lanka

Molur et al. (2005)

 

Family Muridae

 

 

3.

Mus dunni

Dunn’s Mouse

Synonyms of Mus terricolor; it is difficult to define, as it is often confused with Mus booduga

Musser & Carleton (2005)

4.

Rattus norvegicus

Brown Rat or Norway Rat

Not native to India

Ruedas  (2016)

5.

Rattus ranjiniae

Distribution records from KL, not from TN

Molur et al. (2005)

 

ORDER EULIPOTYPHLA

Family Soricidae

 

 

6.

Suncus montanus

Suncus montanus is restricted to Sri Lanka; the species found in TN is Suncus niger

Molur & Singh (2009)

7.

Suncus stoliczkanus

Anderson's Shrew

No distribution either in TN or KL

Molur et al. (2005)

8.

Suncus etruscus

Indian Pygmy Shrew

Distribution records from KL, not from TN

Molur et al. (2005)

9.

Crocidura horsfieldi

Horsfield's Shrew

No distribution either in TN or KL

Molur et al. (2005)

 

ORDER CHIROPTERA

Family Rhinopomatidae

 

 

10.

Rhinopoma hardwickii

Lesser Mouse-tailed Bat

No distribution records from TN

Bates & Harrison (1997); Molur et al. (2002)

11.

Rhinopoma microphyllum

Greater Mouse-tailed Bat

Doubtful record

Bates & Harrison (1997); Molur et al. (2002)

12.

Rhinopoma muscatellum

Small Mouse-tailed Bat

No distribution either in TN or KL

Bates & Harrison (1997); Molur et al. (2002)

 

Family Emballonuridae

 

 

13.

Taphozous saccolaimus

Pouch-bearing Bat

Distribution records from KL, not from TN

Bates & Harrison (1997); Molur et al. (2002)

14.

Taphozous theobaldi

Theobald's Tomb Bat

Distribution records from KL, not from TN

Bates & Harrison (1997); Molur et al. (2002)

 

Family Rhinolophidae

 

 

15.

Rhinolophus affinis

Intermediate Horseshoe Bat

No exact locality

Bates & Harrison (1997); Molur et al. (2002)

16.

Rhinolophus luctus

Great Eastern or Woolly Horseshoe Bat or Large Leaf-Bat

Distribution records from KL, not from TN

Bates & Harrison (1997); Molur et al. (2002)

17.

Rhinolophus pusillus

Least Horseshoe Bat

Distribution records from KL, not from TN

Bates & Harrison (1997); Molur et al. (2002)

18.

Rhinolophus beddomei

Lesser Woolly Horeshoe Bat

Distribution records from KL, not from TN

Bates & Harrison (1997); Molur et al. (2002)

 

Family Hipposideridae

 

 

19.

Hipposideros galeritus

Cantor's Leaf-nosed Bat or Fawn Leaf-nosed Bat

No distribution records from TN

Bates & Harrison (1997); Molur et al. (2002)

20.

Hipposideros lankadiva

Kelaart's Leaf-nosed Bat

No distribution either in TN or KL

Bates & Harrison (1997); Molur et al. (2002)

21.

Hipposideros hypophyllus

Kolar Leaf-nosed Bat

No distribution either in TN or KL

Bates & Harrison (1997); Molur et al. (2002)

 

Family Molossidae

 

 

22.

Otomops wroughtoni

Wroughton's Free-tailed Bat

No distribution either in TN or KL

Bates & Harrison (1997); Molur et al. (2002)

 

Family Vespertilionidae

 

 

23.

Tylonycteris pachypus

Bamboo Bat or Flat-headed Bat

Distribution records from KL, not from TN

Bates & Harrison (1997); Molur et al. (2002)

24.

Myotis hasseltii

Van Hasselt's Bat

No distribution either in TN or KL

Bates & Harrison (1997); Molur et al. (2002)

25.

Kerivoula hardwickii Hardwicke's Forest Bat

No distribution either in TN or KL

Bates & Harrison (1997); Molur et al. (2002)

 

ORDER CARNIVORA

Family Canidae

 

 

26.

Canis lupus

Indian Gray Wolf

Known only from historic records

Prater (1971)

 

Family Mustelidae 

 

 

27.

Lutra lutra

Common or Eurasian Otter

Known only from historic records

Jerdon 1867; Blanford 1888–1891; Pocock 1941; Prater 1971

 

Family Viverridae

 

 

28.

Viverra civettina

Malabar Civet

Known only from historic records from KL. However, recent studies have ruled out the distribution from KL and TN.

Nandini & Mudappa (2010)

 

Family Herpestidae

 

 

29.

Herpestes javanicus

Small Asian Mongoose

No distribution either in TN or KL

Patou et al. (2009)

 

Family Felidae

 

 

30.

Prionailurus viverrinus

Fishing Cat

Known only from historic records and recent studies ruled out its presence from southern India.

Mukherjee et al. (2012); Janardhanan et al. (2014)

 

ORDER ARTIODACTYLA

Family Bovidae

 

 

31.

Boselaphus tragocamelus

Nilgai

Known only from historic records

Prater (1971); Sankar and Johnsingh (2015)

 

Order CETACEA

Family Delphinidae

 

 

32.

Lagenodelphis hosei

Fraser's Dolphin

No records from India

Sathasivam (2000)

33.

Orcaella brevirostris

Irrawady Dolphin

No distribution either in TN or KL; there was a record of one live animal stranded on the Chennai coast after cyclone

Sathasivam (2000)

34.

Feresa attenuata

Pygmy Killer Whale

Distribution records from KL, not from TN

Nameer (2015)

35.

Mesoplodon ginkgodens

Gingko-toothed Beaked or Japanese Beaked Whale

Distribution records from KL, not from TN

Nameer (2015)

 

Family Ziphiidae

 

 

36.

Mesoplodon pacificus

Longman's Beaked Whale

No records from India

Sathasivam (2000)

37.

Mesoplodon densirostris

Blainville's Beaked Whale

No records either from TN or KL

Sathasivam (2000)

38.

Hyperoodon planifrons

Southern Bottlenose Whale

No records either from TN or KL

Sathasivam (2000)

39.

Tursiops truncatus

Bottlenose Dolphin or

Bottle-nosed Dolphin

The species reported from India is Tursiops aduncus not T. truncatus

Wang et al. (2014)

40.

Delphinus delphis

Common Dolphin

The species reported from India is Delphinus capensis not D. delphis

Jayasankar et al. (2008)

 

Family Balaenidae

 

 

41.

Balaena glacialis

Black or Northern Right Whale

No records either from TN or KL

Sathasivam (2000)

 

 

Table 2. Mammal species as mentioned by Sathasivam (1996, 1998) and their current nomenclature as per Wilson & Reeder (2005) and ICZN.

 

Name of the species as mentioned by Sathasivam (1996, 1998)

Current nomenclature as per

Wilson & Reeder (2005) and ICZN

1.

Cremnomys blanfordi

Blanfords' Rat or White-tailed Wood Rat

Madromys blanfordi

Blanford’s Rat

2.

Paraechinus micropus

Pale or Indian Hedgehog

Paraechinus nudiventris

Bare-bellied Hedgehog

3.

Pipistrellus affinis

Chocolate Bat

Falsistrellus affinis 

Chocolate Pipistrelle

4.

Pipistrellus dormeri

Dormer's Bat

Scotozous dormeri 

Dormer's Pipistrelle

5.

Tadarida plicata

Wrinkle-lipped Free-tailed Bat

Chaerephon plicatus

Wrinkle-lipped Free-tailed Bat 

6.

Ursus ursinus

Sloth Bear

Melursus ursinus 

Sloth Bear

7.

Martes flavigula

Nilgiri Marten or

Nilgiri Yellow-throated Marten

Martes gwatkinsii 

Nilgiri Marten

8.

Moschiola meminna

Indian Mouse-Deer or Chevrotain

Moschiola indica

Indian Chevrotain 

9.

Cervus unicolor

Sambar

Rusa unicolor

Sambar 

10.

Hemitragus hylocrius

Nilgiri Tahr

Nilgiritragus hylocrius 

Nilgiri Tahr

11.

Kogia simus

Dwarf Sperm Whale

Kogia sima

Dwarf Sperm Whale

 

 

 

Table 3. A total number of mammalian species of Tamil Nadu in different orders of class Mammalia and their conservation status as per the IUCN, IWPA and CITES.

Order of class Mammalia

No. of species

Chiroptera

35

Rodentia

28

Cetacea

23

Carnivora

21

Artiodactyla

9

Primates

6

Eulipotyphla

5

Lagomorpha

1

Scandentia

1

Pholidota

1

Proboscidea

1

Sirenia

1

IUCN Red List Threatened Species (2019)

 

Critically Endangered

1

Endangered

14

Vulnerable

17

Near Threatened

8

Least Concern

82

Data Deficient

9

Not Assessed

1

Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972

 

Schedule I

22

Schedule II

38

Schedule III

5

Schedule IV

2

Schedule V

25

CITES (2017)

 

Appendix I

21

Appendix II

25

Appendix III

11

 

 

Table 4. Checklist of mammals of Tamil Nadu.

 

 

English name

Species name

Authority

Tamil name   

(தமிழ் பெயர்)

Vernacular name

WG / Plains of TN

END

IUCN

IWPA

CITES

TERRESTRIAL MAMMALS (நில பாலூட்டிகள்)

 

I. ORDER PROBOSCIDEA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1. Family Elephantidae  (elephants)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

Asiatic Elephant  (Indian Elephant)1

Elephas maximus

Linnaeus, 1758

யானை

Yāṉai

Both

 

EN

I

I

 

II. ORDER SCANDENTIA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2. Family Tupaiidae  (tree shrews)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

Madras Treeshrew  (Indian Tree Shrew)2

Anathana ellioti

(Waterhouse, 1850)

சென்னை மர மூஞ்சூறு

Ceṉṉai Mara Mūñcūṟu

Both

PI

LC

 

II

 

III. ORDER PRIMATES

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3. Family Lorisidae  (lorises)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

Gray Slender Loris  (Highland Slender Loris)3

Loris lydekkerianus 

Cabrera, 1908

தேவாங்கு

Tēvāṅku

Both

 

LC

I

II

 

4. Family Cercopithecidae  (old world monkeys)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

Bonnet Macaque (Zati)4

Macaca radiata

(E. Geoffroy, 1812)

குரங்கு

Kuraṅku

Both

PI

LC

II

II

5

Lion-tailed Macaque (Wanderoo)5

Macaca silenus 

(Linnaeus, 1758)

சிங்க-வால் குரங்கு

Ciṅka-vāl Kuraṅku

WG

WG

EN

I

I

6

Black-footed Gray Langur (Malabar Sacred Langur)6

Semnopithecus hypoleucos 

Blyth, 1841

கருப்பு-கால் சாம்பல் நிற குரங்கு

Karuppu-kāl Cāmpal Niṟa Kuraṅku

WG

WG

VU

 

I

7

Tufted Gray Langur  (Coromandel Sacred Langur)7

Semnopithecus priam

Blyth, 1844

நூற்குஞ்சமுள்ள சாம்பல் நிற குரங்கு

Nūṟkuñcamuḷḷa Cāmpal Niṟa Kuraṅku

Both

 

NT

 

I

8

Nilgiri Langur  (Nilgiri Leaf Monkey)8

Semnopithecus johnii

(J. Fischer, 1829)

கருங்குரங்கு

Karuṅkuraṅku

WG

WG

VU

I

II

 

IV. ORDER RODENTIA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5. Family Sciuridae  (squirrels)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

9

Indian Giant Squirrel  (Malabar Giant Squirrel)9

Ratufa indica

(Erxleben, 1777)

மலபார் அணில்

Malapār Aṇil

Both

PI

LC

II

II

10

Grizzled Giant Squirrel  (Sri Lankan Giant Squirrel)10

Ratufa macroura 

Pennant, 1769

நரைத்த அணில்

Naraitta Aṇil

Both

 

NT

I

II

11

Indian Giant Flying Squirrel  (Large Brown Flying Squirrel)¹¹

Petaurista philippensis 

(Elliot, 1839)

இந்திய பறக்கும் அணில்

Intiya Paṟakkum Aṇil

Both

 

LC

II

 

12

Travancore Flying Squirrel¹²

Petinomys fuscocapillus 

(Jerdon, 1847)

திருவாங்கூர் பறக்கும் அணில்

Tiruvāṅkūr Paṟakkum Aṇil

WG

 

NT

I

 

13

Indian Palm Squirrel  (Three-striped Palm Squirrel)¹³

Funambulus palmarum 

(Linnaeus, 1766)

மூன்று பட்டைக்கோடிட்ட அணில்

Mūṉṟu Paṭṭaikkōṭiṭṭa Aṇil

Both

 

LC

 

 

14

Nilgiri Palm Squirrel  (Dusky Palm Squirrel)14

Funambulus sublineatus

(Waterhouse, 1838)

மங்கிய பட்டைக்கோடிட்ட அணில்

Maṅkiya Paṭṭaikkōṭiṭṭa Aṇil

WG

 

VU

 

 

15

Jungle Palm Squirrel  (Western Ghats Striped Squirrel)15

Funambulus tristriatus 

(Waterhouse, 1837)

ஜங்கிள் பட்டைக்கோடிட்ட அணில்

Jaṅkiḷ Paṭṭaikkōṭiṭṭa Aṇil

WG

WG

LC

 

 

 

6. Family Platacanthomyidae  (spiny dormouse)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

16

Spiny Tree Mouse  (Spiny Dormouse)16

Platacanthomys lasiurus 

Blyth, 1859

முள் மர எலி

Muḷ Mara Eli

WG

WG

VU

V

 

 

7. Family Muridae (rats and mice)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

17

Indian Gerbil (Antelope Rat)17

Tatera indica 

(Hardwicke, 1807)

இந்திய கெர்பில் எலி

Intiya Kerpil Eli

Both

 

LC

V

 

18

Lesser Bandicoot Rat  (Indian Mole Rat)18

Bandicota bengalensis

(Gray, 1835)

சிறிய பெருச்சாளி

Ciṟiya Peruccāḷi

Both

 

LC

V

 

19

Greater Bandicoot Rat  (Large Bandicoot Rat)18

Bandicota indica 

(Bechstein, 1800)

பெரிய பெருச்சாளி

Periya Peruccāḷi

Both

 

LC

V

 

20

Cutch Rock Rat19

Cremnomys cutchicus

Wroughton, 1912

கட்ச் பாறை எலி

Kaṭc Pāṟai Eli

Plains

PI

LC

V

 

21

Large Rock Rat (Elvira Rat)20

Cremnomys elvira

(Ellerman, 1946)

பெரிய பாறை எலி

Periya Pāṟai Eli

Plains

TN

CR

V

 

22

Indian Bush Rat18

Golunda ellioti 

Gray, 1837

இந்திய புதர் எலி

Intiya Putar Eli

Both

 

LC

V

 

23

Blanford’s Rat  (White-tailed Wood Rat)21

Madromys blanfordi 

(Thomas, 1881)

வெள்ளை வால் எலி

Veḷḷai Vāl Eli

Both

 

LC

V

 

24

Common Metad  (Soft-furred Field Rat)21

Millardia meltada 

(Gray, 1837)

மெட்டடு எலி

Meṭṭaṭu Eli

Both

 

LC

V

 

25

Little Indian Field Mouse (Common Indian Field Mouse)18

Mus booduga

(Gray, 1837)

இந்திய சிறிய கள  சுண்டெலி

Intiya Ciṟiya Kaḷa  Cuṇṭel

Both

 

LC

V

 

26

Cook’s Mouse  (Ryley’s Spiny Mouse)23

Mus cookii

Ryley, 1914

குக்கி-ன்  சுண்டெலி

Kukki-ṉ  Cuṇṭeli

WG

 

LC

V

 

27

Bonhote’s Mouse  (Servant Mouse)24

Mus famulus 

Bonhote, 1898

வேலைக்கார  சுண்டெலி

Vēlaikkāra  Cuṇṭeli

WG

WG

EN

V

 

28

House Mouse18

Mus musculus 

Linnaeus, 1758

வீட்டு  சுண்டெலி

Vīṭṭu  Cuṇṭeli

Both

 

LC

V

 

29

Phillips’s Mouse (Wroughton’s Small Spiny Mouse)25

Mus phillipsi

Wroughton, 1912

பிலிப்ஸ்-ன் சுண்டெலி

Pilips-ṉ Cuṇṭeli

Plains

PI

LC

V

 

30

Flat-haired Mouse  (Brown Spiny Mouse)26

Mus platythrix 

Bennett, 1832

பழுப்பு முள் சுண்டெலி

Paḻuppu Muḷ Cuṇṭeli

Both

PI

LC

V

 

31

Elliot’s Spiny Mouse  (Rock-loving Mouse)27

Mus saxicola

Elliot, 1839

பாறை வாழ் சுண்டெலி

Pāṟai Vāḻ Cuṇṭeli

Both

 

LC

V

 

32

Common House Rat (Black Rat)28

Rattus rattus

(Linnaeus, 1758)

வீட்டு எலி

Vīṭṭu Eli

Both

 

LC

V

 

33

Sahyadris Forest Rat29

Rattus satarae

Hinton, 1918

ஷயாத்ரிக்கள் வன எலி

Ṣayātrikkaḷ Vaṉa Eli

WG

WG

VU

V

 

34

Nilgiri Long-tailed Tree Mouse (Nilgiri vandeleuria)30

Vandeleuria nilagirica

Jerdon, 1867

நீலகிரி நீண்ட வாலுடைய மர எலி

Nīlakiri Nīṇṭa Vāluṭaiya  Mara Eli

WG

WG

EN

V

 

35

Asiatic Long-tailed Tree Mouse  (Common Vandeleuria)18

Vandeleuria oleracea

(Bennett, 1832)

ஆசிய நீண்ட வாலுடைய மர எலி

Āciya Nīṇṭa Vāluṭaiya  Mara Eli

Both

 

LC

V

 

 

8. Family Hystricidae (porcupines)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

36

Indian Crested Porcupine  (Indian porcupine)31

Hystrix indica

Kerr, 1792

முள்ளம்பன்றி

Muḷḷampaṉṟi

Both

 

LC

IV

 

 

V. ORDER LAGOMORPHA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

9. Family Leporidae (hares)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

37

Black-naped Hare (Indian Hare)31 

Lepus nigricollis 

F. Cuvier, 1823

காட்டு முயல்

Kāṭṭu muyal

Both

 

LC

IV

 

 

VI. ORDER EULIPOTYPHLA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10. Family Erinaceidae (hedgehogs)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

38

Bare-bellied Hedgehog  (Madras Hedgehog)32

Paraechinus nudiventris

(Horsfield, 1851)

முள்ளெலி

Muḷḷeli

Both

TN, KL & AP

LC

 

 

 

11. Family Soricidae  (shrews)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

39

Kelaart’s Long-clawed Shrew33

Feroculus feroculus 

(Kelaart, 1850)

கீலார்ட்-ன் நீண்ட விரல் மூஞ்சூறு

Kīlārṭ-ṉ Nīṇṭa Viral Mūñcūṟu 

WG

 

EN

 

 

40

Day’s Shrew34

Suncus dayi

(Dobson, 1888)

டே-ன் மூஞ்சூறு 

Ṭē-ṉ Mūñcūṟu

WG

WG

EN

 

 

41

Nilgiri Highland Shrew35

Suncus niger

Horsfield, 1851

நீலகிரி மேட்டு மூஞ்சூறு

Nīlakiri Mēṭṭu Mūñcūṟu

WG

WG

NA

 

 

42

Asian Musk Shrew  (House Shrew)36

Suncus murinus 

(Linnaeus, 1766)

ஆசிய கஸ்தூரி மூஞ்சூறு

Āciya Kastūri Mūñcūṟu

Both

 

LC

 

 

 

VII. ORDER CHIROPTERA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

12. Family Pteropodidae  (flying foxes)