Journal of Threatened Taxa | | 26 May 2016 | 8(5): 8831–8834





New distribution records of three Fimbristylis species for the Andaman Islands, India

Mudavath Chennakesavulu Naik 1, Dasari Veeranjaneyulu 2 & B. Ravi Prasad Rao 3

1,2,3 Biodiversity Conservation Division, Department of Botany, Sri Krishnadevaraya University, Anantapuram, Andhra Pradesh 515003, India

1, 2, 3 (corresponding author),





Editor: N.P. Balakrishnan, Retd. Joint Director, BSI, Coimbatore, India. Date of publication: 26 May 2016 (online & print)


Manuscript details: Ms # 2505 | Received 10 January 2016 | Final received 31 January 2016 | Finally accepted 04 May 2016


Citation: Naik, M.C., D. Veeranjaneyulu & B.R.P. Rao (2016). New distribution records of three Fimbristylis species for the Andaman Islands, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 8(5): 8831–8834;


Copyright: © Naik et al. 2016. Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. JoTT allows unrestricted use of this article in any medium, reproduction and distribution by providing adequate credit to the authors and the source of publication.


Funding: Department of Biotechnology (DBT), Govt. of India.


Conflict of Interest: The authors declare no competing interests.


Acknowledgements: The authors are grateful to the Department of Biotechnology, New Delhi for financial assistance (BT/PR12954/NDB/52/146/2009) and the Andaman Circle Forest officials for their help in field work. Thanks are also due to Dr. M. Sanjappa, Dr. C. Murugan and other principal investigators of the project and the Botanical Survey of India, Port Blair Office for providing facilities.



During our recent floristic explorations in the South Andaman Islands, we collected a few specimens of Fimbristylis which after a critical study were identified as Fimbristylis bisumbellata (Forssk.) Bubani, F. littoralis Gaudich. and F. microcarya F. Muell. based on Koyama (1985).  A perusal of the literature on the flora of the Andaman & Nicobar Islands (Pandey & Diwakar 2008; Prasad et al. 2009) and various other published articles revealed that these species have not been recorded till date from the Islands and hence form new distribution records for the region.  All the species are provided with an updated nomenclature, brief description, distribution and photographs.  All the representative specimens are deposited in S.K. University Herbarium (SKU).



Fimbristylis bisumbellata

(Forssk.) Bubani, Dodecanthea 30. 1850. Scirpus bisumbellatus Forssk., Fl. Aegypt. Arab. 15. 1775.

Specimens examined: 46522 (SKU), 15.ix.2014, Rutland Island, South Andaman Islands, India, coll. Ravi Prasad Rao & Chennakesavulu Naik (Images 1,2).

Annual tufted herbs, up to 30cm high. Culms slender, 0.3–07 mm thick, trigonous, striate, smooth, glabrous, few-leaved at base. Leaves narrowly linear, blunt at apex, 3–14 cm long, 0.5–1.5 mm wide, flat with weakly incurved along margins, herbaceous, light green, soft, occasionally pilose with tubercle-based hairs especially on lower surface, scabrid on upper margin; sheath 1–3 cm long, pale greenish, pubescent, cinnamon-brown, the hyaline orifice obliquely truncate; ligule a fringe of loose hairs. Inflorescence compound or decompound corymbs, bearing sub-densely many spikelets, 2–6 cm long, 2–4 cm wide; rays 4–10, filiform, unequal, 1–4 cm long; leafy bracts 1–3, the lowest equalling to slightly surpassing the corymb, the second equalling to shorter than the corymb. Spikelets solitary, ovate-oblong, 2–6 mm long, 1.2–1.5 mm wide, sub-terete, suddenly sub-acute at apex, yellow-brown, densely 10–30 flowered. Glumes densely imbricated broadly ovate, 1–1.8 mm long, 0.7–1 mm wide, boat-shaped with ridged keel, contracted to mucronate apex, membranous, yellow-brown, the margins hyaline pale, the keel greenish, sub-3 nerved, excurrent to with recurved mucro. Achenes broadly obovate, thickly biconvex, 0.5–0.8 mm long and as wide, rounded to apex, contracted to short stipitate base, lightly yellow, rather deeply cancellated with 5–7 rows of transversely rectangular cells; style 1–1.5 mm long, compressed, fimbriate above the middle, dilated at base; stigmas 2, nearly 0.5-0.7 mm long. Stamen 1; anther 0.5 mm long.

Flowering & Fruiting: July–October.

Distribution: Western tropical, southeastern Africa to southern Europe, eastward to Madagascar, Pakistan, India (Andhra Pradesh, Chandigarh, Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Uttarakhand, West Bengal), Malaysia, New Zealand, and tropical Australia.

Habitat: In marshy places and forest peripheries and wastelands.





Fimbristylis littoralis

Gaudich.,Voy. Uranie. 413. 1829.

Specimen Examined: 47683 (SKU),02. ix. 2014, Ferrargunj- Bamboonalla, South Andaman Islands, coll. Ravi Prasad Rao & Chennakesavulu Naik (Images 3,4).

Perennial herbs, up to 60cm high. Culms tufted, flatly 4-angled, striate, bearing 1–3 bladeless sheaths at base. Basal leaf sheaths 3.5–9 cm, setaceous, compressed bilaterally, attenuate apically, mouth obliquely split. Leaves shorter to longer than culm; sheath bilaterally compressed, abaxially with a membranous and rust-coloured margin, adaxially keeled, mouth obliquely split; ligule absent; leaf blade ensiform, 1.5–2 mm wide, bilaterally compressed, margin sparsely and finely serrulate, apically attenuate, setaceous tip. Involucral bracts 2–4, setaceous, base dilated, margin rust colour and membranous. Inflorescence a compound or decompounds, or rarely simple anthela, sub-dense, with many spikelets solitary, globose to sub-globose, 1.5–5 × 1.5–3 mm, apex rounded. Glumes chestnut-brown or dark brown, ovate, 1–1.3 or 3.5–6 mm, membranous, 3-veined, abaxial keel, mid-vein green, lateral veins brown, apex obtuse. Stamens 2; anthers oblong, ca. 0.7mm, ca. ½ as long as filaments, apex obtuse. Style 3-sided, not ciliate, basally slightly inflated; stigmas 3, ca. ½ as long as style. Nutlets straw-yellow, obovoid, ca. 1mm, obtuse, verruculose, transversely oblong reticulation.

Flowering & Fruiting: May–October.

Habitat: Open slopes, marshy places, grasslands, paddy fields.

Distribution: Africa, Madagascar, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India (throughout the mainland), Nepal, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Philippines, Vietnam, Indian Ocean Islands, and the Pacific Islands.






Fimbristylis microcarya

F. Muell., Fragm. 1: 200. 1859.

Specimen Examined: 48040 (SKU), 20.ix.2014, Thirur-Pahad, South Andaman Islands, India, coll. Ravi Prasad Rao & Chennakesavulu Naik (Image 1C).

Annuals tufted herbs, up to 30cm high. Culms, 0.7–1.3 mm thick, flatly 3-angled, smooth. Leaves linear, 16 × 1.5–5 mm, flat, apical margin scabrid; sheath light straw colour to pale brown; ligule ciliate. Involucral bracts 3–4, leaf like 4cm long. Inflorescence decompound anthela, 3–6 × 3–6 cm, lax; primary rays 2–5, 1–5 cm, unequal, apically scabrous. Spikelets solitary, rust-colour, narrowly ovoid, 2–3 × 1–1.2 mm, slightly angular, sublaxly 5–10 flowered, apex acute. Glumes numerous, spirally imbricate, light rust-colour, pale brownish margins, ovate, 1–2 mm, membranous, 3-veined, abaxial keel, apex mucronate. Stamens 1 or 2; anthers 0.2–0.3 mm. style 3-sided, glabrous, basally dilated; stigma 3. Nutlet subsessile, light straw-colour, obovoid, 0.4–0.5 × 0.3–0.4 mm, scattered verrucose and slightly cancellate, transversely oblong cells.

Flowering & Fruiting: October–February.

Distribution: Africa, India (Kashmir, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Kerala), Indonesia, Philippines, Vietnam, Australia.

Habitat: Found in marshy places and wastelands.



Pandey, R.P. & P.G. Diwakar (2008). An integrated check-list Flora of Andaman & Nicobar Islands, India. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403–500 .

Prasad, P.R.C., C.S. Reddy, R.K.V. Lakshmi, P.V. Kumari & S.H. Raza (2009). Angiosperms of North Andaman, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India. Check List 5(2): 254–269.

Koyama, T. (1985). Cyperaceae, pp. 125405. In: Dassanayake & Fosberg (eds.). A Revised Hand Book to the Flora of Ceylon 5. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co, Calcutta.